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Brihaspati In The Vedas

Brihaspati is a powerful deity in the Vedas and he is mentioned in the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. In the Rig Veda he is also known as Brahmanaspati. In later times, he lost his powerful status and is now popular as one of the Navagrahas.

In the Rig Veda, he is depicted as the Master of prayers and is equated with Brahmanaspati (2.23.1). He is acknowledged as a devata, a divine being. Ganapati, the deity from later Puranas, appears to have roots in the Brihaspati-Brahmanaspati connection.

As per Rig Veda, Brihaspati was born from a light in the highest heaven. He drives away darkness with thunder. He is bright and pure and has seven mouths, 100 wings, seven rays and his skin tone is blue-black. He is a friend of Indra.

His weapon is bow and the string is cosmic order. His chariot is driven by red colored horses.

Some hymns in the Rig Veda equate him with Agni.

He is associated with vedic rituals and is invoked as a priest in the Yajur Veda and Brahmanas. He is also mentioned in the Atharva Veda.

He is considered as the creator of metre (the accent in a metrical foot of verse) in the Maitrayani and Vajasaneyi Samhita.

There are 11 hymns dedicated to Brihaspati in the Rig Veda. In another couple of hymns he is jointly addressed with Indra.