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Hindu New Year 2018 - The New Year Dates of Different Hindu Communities in 2018

Different communities in Hindu religion have different dates for New Year in a calendar year. Below are the Hindu New Year dates in 2018. When is the Hindu New Year? Or when is the New Year in Hindu Religion? There is no single answer to this question. The numerous cultures that are part of Hinduism follow independent calendars and the New Year Day in these calendars are based on seasons and the agrarian economy of the region. Some calendars are lunar calendars and the New Year dates changes yearly. Majority of the Hindu New Year date falls in the months of March and April. Here is a list of the New Year dates in Hindu religion.

New Year – January 1, 2018 - Majority of Hindus welcome the New Year with prayers to Ganesha for peace and prosperity.

Pongal – January 14, 2018 – The Government of Tamil Nadu had made Pongal as the Tamil New Year. (This decision was revoked by the present government.)

Nyepi – March 17, 2018 – Bali Hindu New Year (Indonesia). This calendar is also based on the Saka Era but with major regional variations. Nyepi is based on lunar calendar and therefore the date varies yearly.

Ugadi – March 18, 2018 – New Year in Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Saka  Year 1940 begins. Yugadi or Ugadhi is the New Year in Telugu and Kannada culture. The New Year day is observed on the first day of the month of Chaitra (March – April). It is based on lunar calendar and therefore the date changes yearly.

Gudi Padva –  March 18, 2018   – New Year in Maharashtra. Saka  Year 1940 begins. Gudi Padva is the Marathi New Year and is observed on the first day of the Chaitra month (March – April). It is a major celebration in Maharashtra and is also known as Shalivahan Shaka New Year. Gudhi Padwa is based on lunar calendar and therefore the date changes yearly.

Nav Varsh Samvat or Hindi New Year –  March 18, 2018  – This New Year is observed in major states in North India and it is also known as Chaitra Shukladi. Vikram Samvat 2075 begins. It is celebrated on Chaitra Shukala Pratipada (March – April) – the first day after the No Moon (Amavasi) in Chaitra Month. The Hindi New Year is based on lunar calendar and therefore the date changes yearly.

Cheti Chand –  March 18, 2018  – The New Year day of Sindhis. The New Year day is observed on the second day of the month of Chait (March – April). It is based on lunar calendar and the date changes yearly.

Saka New Year – March 22, 2018 – This New Year is based on the calendar followed by the Government of India. The Saka Year 1940 Begins

Varsha Pirappu or Puthandu – April 14, 2018 – The Tamil New Year.  It falls on the first day of the Chitirai month (April – May). The Tamil calendar is a solar calendar and the New Year date falls during Mid April mostly on April 13 or 14

Vishu – April 15, 2018  – Malayalam Zodiac New Year in Kerala.  It falls on the first day of Malayalam month Medam (April - May). The calendar followed in Kerala is a solar calendar and the New Year date is constant mostly – April 14 or 15.

Maha Vishubha Sankranti - April 15 - Odia New Year in Odisha.

Naba Barsha or Poila Baisakh – April 15, 2018 – New Year in Bengal - Year 1424 as per traditional calendar begins. This is the New Year in Eastern parts of India, especially in Bengal. The Bengali New Year is observed on the first day in Baisakh month (April – May). This calendar is also a solar calendar and therefore the New Year day falls on April 14 or April 15.

Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu – April 15, 2018 – New Year in Assam. It is observed on the first day in Baisakh month (April – May). This calendar is also a solar calendar and therefore the New Year day falls on April 14 or April 15.

Juir Sheetal in Mithila - Juir Sheetal in Mithila is also known as Maithili New Year and is observed in Bihar (the Mithila region of India) and Nepal. It is annually observed on April 14.

Kutchi New Year - July 14, 2018 - New Year in Kutch Region in Gujarat. Kutchi New Year is observed on the second day of the shukla paksha or waxing phase of moon in Ashada month – Ashad Beej or Dwitiya.

Chingam 1 – August 17, 2018 – New Year according to Malayalam Calendar. The Year 1194 begins in this calendar.  This is the New Year according to Malayalam Calendar. Chingam (August – September) is the first month in the Malayalam Calendar. But Malayalis popularly celebrate Vishu as the New Year.

Hindu Vikram New Year – November 8, 2018 – Gujarati New Year - Vikram Samvat 2075 begins. It is also known as Vikram Calendar or Vikram Samvat.