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Importance of Parikrama in Hinduism - Walking For Kilometers In A Sacred Place in Hindu Religion

Parikrama in Hinduism is the circumambulation of sacred Hindu pilgrimage centers and is performed for redemption from sins committed. The importance of Parikrama is mentioned in the Puranas and other scriptures. A Parikrama is undertaken by walking for several kilometers in a sacred place. During the walk a devotee will pass through numerous temples and other sacred spots.

Walking For Kilometers In A Sacred Place in Hindu Religion

The most important Parikramas in Hindu religion are held at:

  • Nimsar
  • Bithur
  • Mathura
  • Govardhan Parikrama
  • Hari Parbat in Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Girnar Hill in Junagarh
  • Barda in Jamnagar
  • Kashi – Varanasi
  • Narmada Panchkoshi Padyatra
  • Janakpur in Nepal
There are several different types of Parikramas. And this is mentioned in the Kashi Khanda of the Skanda Purana. There are daily, fortnightly, monthly and annual parikramas. There are also circumambulations that are performed only during special months like Chaitra, Vaishak, Kartik etc.

One of the most important Parikrama is the Panchkoshi Parikrama – a walk for 16 km covering various spiritual spots. Another famous Parikrama is the Govardhan Parikrama.

The length of the Parikrama varies from region to region – from 5 to 50 kms.

Parikrama in South India is known as Girivalam and is observed mainly in the Tiruvannamalai Temple in Tamil Nadu.