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Jijamata Jayanti – Mata Jijabai Jayanthi


Jijamata Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Jijabai, mother of Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj. In 2019, Jijamata Jayanti date is January 21. As per Gregorian or English calendar her birthday is on January 12. Her Jayanthi is observed on the Paush Purnima day, or full moon day in Poush month, as per traditional Marathi calendar.

It was Jijamata's courage, strong sense of duty, self respect and resilience that inspired Shivaji Maharaj to become the greatest Maratha ruler and warrior.

Jijabhai was the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Ahmednagar. She was married to Shahji of Pune.

She had to undergo numerous hardships even when she was pregnant with Shivaji Maharaj. It was such hardships that strengthened her resolve that a protector of the Hindus was must and the result of it was Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj, the greatest Maratha warrior.


Chronology of events in the life of Jijabai

  • Jijabai is born – 1596 AD
  • Shahaji and Jijabai are married – 1603 AD        
  • Shahaji is wounded by father-in-law Lakhuji – 1620 AD
  • Jijabai’s father switches loyalties joins hands with the Mughals – 1622 AD to 1623 AD
  • First son Sambhaji is born to Jijabai and Shahaji – 1623 AD
  • Jjiabai’s father is killed – 1629 AD
  • Sambhaji is married – 1630 AD
  • Second son Shivaji is born to Jijabai and Shahaji – 1630 AD
  • Shahaji faces severe reversals in 1636 AD
  • Shivaji is married for the first time – 1640 AD
  • Jijabai and Shivaji arrive in Bangalore to join Shahaji who was granted the Jagir by Adilshah – 1641 AD
  • Jijabai and Shivaji arrive in Pune 1641 AD
  • Shivaji receives formal education from Dadoji Kondadev under the strict watch of Jijabai – 1641 – 1645 AD
  • Shivaji conquers the forts of Kondana and Purandar – 1647 AD
  • Jijabai converts Nimbalkar back to Hinduism – 1652 AD
  • Sambhaji first son of Jijabai attains martyrdom – 1655 AD
  • Son Sambhaji is born to Shivaji – 1657 AD
  • Shivaji achieves numerous victories – 1659 AD to 1666 AD
  • Shivaji and Jijabi reunite – 1666 AD
  • Shivaji is crowned king – 1674 AD
  • Jijabai dies – 1674 AD