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Shivaji Jayanti 2020 - Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti - Birth Anniversary of Shivaji Maharaj - Shiv Jayanti

Shivaji Jayanti 2020 date based on Hindu calendar followed in Maharashtra. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti, also referred as Shiv Jayanti, celebrates the birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj who established the Maratha Empire during the 17th century and kindled the spirit of self rule among Hindus who were being governed by foreign rulers. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti 2020 date as per Hindu Tithi is on March 12. The birthday of Shivaji Maharaj as per Gregorian calendar is on February 19.

Shivaji Jayanti 2020 Tithi


Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhonsle was born the third day (Tritiya) during the Krishna Paksha (waning phase of moon) in the month of Phalgun (February – March). In 2020, it is on March 12.

From childhood, Shivaji Maharaj showed exemplary courage and was troubled by the lack of unity and helplessness among his community.

In the second half of the 17th century, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj rose from a minor chieftain to an independent king, founding the Maratha kingdom. With this he brought back the lost self respect of Hindus and showed the world that Hindus can be united and they can challenge any force that tries to unsettle the Hindu world.


Chronology of the Life of Shivaji

  • Shivaji is born to Jijabai and Shahaji – 1630 AD
  • Shahaji faces severe reversals in 1636 AD
  • Shivaji is married for the first time – 1640 AD
  • Jijabai and Shivaji arrive in Bangalore to join Shahaji who was granted the Jagir by Adilshah – 1641 AD
  • Jijabai and Shivaji arrive in Pune 1641 AD
  • Shivaji receives formal education from Dadoji Kondadev under the strict watch of Jijabai – 1641 – 1645 AD
  • Shivaji conquered the forts of Kondana and Purandar – 1647 AD
  • Son Sambhaji is born to Shivaji – 1657 AD
  • Shivaji achieves numerous victories – 1659 AD to 1666 AD
  • Shivaji is crowned king – 1674 AD
  • Shivaji dies - 1680 AD

Battles fought by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Battle of Pratapgad 
  • Fought on November 10, 1659
  • At the fort of Pratapgad near the town of Satara, Maharashtra,
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought against the Adilshahi general Afzal Khan.
Battle of Kolhapur
  • Fought on December 28, 1659
  • At Kolhapur, Maharashtra
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought against the Adilshahi forces.
Battle of Pavan Khind
  • Fought on July 13, 1660
  • At a mountain pass in the vicinity of fort Vishalgad, near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra
  • Maratha Sardar Baji Prabhu Deshpande fought with Siddi Masud of Adilshah.
Battle of Chakan
  • Fought in 1660
  • Maratha Empire fought against Mughal Empire
Battle of Umberkhind
  • Fought on 2 February 1661
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji fought against Kartalab Khan of Mughals
Battle Of Surat
  • Fought on January 5, 1664
  • At Surat, Gujarat
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought against Inayat Khan, a Mughal commander.
Battle of Purandar
  • 1665
  • Maratha Empire fought against Mughal Empire
Battle of Sinhagad
  • Fought on 4 February, 1670
  • On the fort of Sinhagad near the city of Pune, Maharashtra
  • Tanaji Malusare, a commander of Shivaji Maharaj, fought against Udaybhan Rathod, fort keeper under Jai Singh I who was a Mughal Army Chief.
Battle of Bhupalgarh
  • Fought in 1679
  • Between Maratha forces and Mughal Emperor
Battle of Sangamner
  • Fought in 1679
  • This was the last battle of  Shivaji Maharaj.
  • It was between Maratha forces and Mughal army.



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