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Osiya Mata Temple at Osian Jodhpur Rajasthan – Story – History

The Osiya Mata Temple, located at Osian near Jodhpur in Rajasthan, stands as a testament to the rich cultural and religious history of the region. Dedicated to Goddess Osiya, an incarnation of Goddess Durga known as Mahishasuramardini, this temple has been a center of worship for various communities spanning Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and North India. The temple's origin can be traced back to Thursday, the 10th day of the bright half of the Chaitra month in Samvat 1234 (1177 CE) during the Gurjara Pratihara period.

The Parmar Rajputs, who were ardent worshippers of Goddess Durga, built the temple. The Parmars considered the Goddess as Sachchi Dhaya, the real Nourisher Mother. The deity in the temple is a magnificent idol of Goddess Durga, depicted in her Mahishasura Mardini form, seated on a lion and triumphing over the Buffalo-formed demon, Mahishasura.

The temple's architecture follows the Nagar style, with an artistically crafted Garbh Griha (sanctum sanctorum) and Sabha Mandap (prayer portico). The hall is adorned with projections on its upper supports, intricate lattice work, and special ornamentation on the lower parts of the walls. The entrance hall features nine bracketed entrances, adding to the grandeur of the temple, and the entire length is 24 meters.

The significance of the Osiya Mata Temple extends beyond the Parmar Rajputs, as both Hindus and Jains worship the Goddess as their clan patroness. The Oswals of the Jain community, in particular, regard the Goddess as their clan deity, tracing their origin to Osia.

The temple hosts various Hindu festivals, with special emphasis on the Navaratras of Chaitra and Ashwin months. Devotees from far and wide visit the temple during these festivals, seeking the blessings of the Goddess. The temple witnesses a constant flow of visitors who come with their wishes, circumambulate the sanctum sanctorum, and make offerings at the feet of the Goddess. Newlyweds seek blessings for a happy married life, while the first ceremonial head shaving of a child is also a significant event held at the temple.

In addition to Goddess Osiya Mata, other deities such as Vishnu, Hanuman, Ganesha, Shiva, and Satyanarayan are also worshipped in this sacred place, creating a harmonious blend of various aspects of Hindu spirituality. The Osiya Mata Temple stands not only as a religious site but also as a cultural heritage reflecting the diversity and unity of the communities that revere it.