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Nav Varsh Samvat 2079 – Hindi New Year in 2022 - Rakshas Samvatsar Begins

The Hindu New Year 2079 or Vikram Nav Varsh Samvat in the traditional lunar Hindi calendars followed in North India – especially in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Delhi and Chhattisgarh is celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada (March – April). In 2022, the Nav Samvat begins on April 2. The New Year is first day after the Amavasya (No moon) in the month of Chaitra. The current year is known as Rakshas Samvatsar (राक्षस  संवत्सर).

(The previous year which began on April 2, 2022 was the Vikram Samvat 2078 and it was known as Pramadhi Samvatsar.)

As per Hindu astrology Rakshas Samvatsar will have Shani as King and Guru or Brihaspati as Minister. Shani is associated with fights among people in power and also diseases. But as Brihaspati is the minister there will be progress and peace through hard work and devotion

Hindi New Year

People offer prayers on the day for a happy and prosperous year. First prayer is offered to Ganesha.

Note: Nav Varsh Samvat 2079 in Gujarati calendar begins on October 26, 2022.

Note - Saka Era 1944 begins on April 2, 2022 in Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka.

Note - Chaitra or Vasant Navratri is observed from the first day for nine days in North India

Vikram Era was started in 57 BC by Emperor Vikramaditya as a commemoration of his victory upon the Shaks. This victory took place at Ujjain, one among the four places associated with Kumbh Mela. This Hindu calendar is also known as Vikram Samvat.

According to the traditional Hindu calendar followed in North India this is year Vikram Samvat 2074. This calculation of Hindu New Year is based on the Luni-Solar calendar. A month in the calendar is calculated from the day after full moon to full moon (Pratipada tithi after Purnima to Purnima). This is known as Purnimanta system.

The calendars followed mainly in North India are based on the Amanta and Purnimanta system. Amanta calendar is calculated from New moon to New moon. Purnimanta is calculated from Full moon to Full moon. Amanta is used in some places for calculating festivals and other auspicious days.

The Amanta Lunar calendar starts with Chaitra month. Amanta is used to fix all the major Hindu festivals in North India. Even those communities that prefer the Purnimat calendar use Amanta calendar for fixing festivals.

It must be noted here that Gujarat follows a different calendar system and there the New Year falls on the day after Diwali – the calendar is popularly known as Vikram Samvat – the current year in Gujarati calendar is Vikram Samvat 2079 (It will change only on October 26, 2022).

Similarly, the official Government of India calendar, the Saka Calendar, has its New Year in Chaitra month but it falls on March 21st or March 22nd.

Various Hindu New Year in 2022