Budh Graha, Mercury, is one among the navgrahas, nine planets, as per Hindu tradition. The movement of Budh Grah in a horoscope is very important in Hindu astrology. The story of the birth of Budh is of great importance as the story also gives suggestions regarding women’s freedom to move away from a bad marriage. Budh is the son of Sage Brihaspati and Tara. But he was fathered by Chandra, the Hindu Moon God.
Sage Brihaspati was the Guru of the Devas and he was only interested in rituals and studies. The Sage never showed any interest in
Tara. A disillusioned Tara soon fell in love with Chandra and abandoned her husband.
Indra, the king of Devas, once decided to conduct a yajna to get stronger to face the Asuras or demons.
Sage Brihaspati used this as an opportunity and said that he can only perform the yajna with his wife by his side.
The Devas were divided on the issue. Some saw no reason in
Tara returning to a husband who only needed her for rituals. They argued that Tara should remain with Chandra, who valued her as a living being.
But the Devas could not stop the yajna, so Indra decided that
Tara should return to Brishaspati. Tara returned reluctantly and the yajna was completed successfully.
But soon it was discovered that
Tara was pregnant. Both Chandra and Brihaspati claimed to be the father. Tara kept quiet. But as the debate raged, the unborn child cried out – and wanted to know who his father was?
All that gathered there were amazed by the desire of the child. The gods declared that he will be Budh – the lord that rules the intellect.
Sage Brihaspati could not tolerate the events and he cursed that the child that Chandra fathered will be neither male nor female but a neuter gender.
Indra who witnessed this event chided Sage Brihaspati and said that Budh will be known as Sage’s son. From that day it was decided no matter who fathered the child, the child will be always known as the son of the husband.