Govatsa Dwadashi, also known as Nandini Vrata, is observed on the 12th day of the Krishna Paksha of Ashwin month in Gujarat,
Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Govatsa Dwadashi 2017 date is October 16 in Maharashtra. The day is mainly dedicated to the worship of Cows – Divine cow Nandhini is worshipped on the day.
According to Bhavishyapurana, Govatsa Dwadashi is associated with the story of divine cow Nandhini and her calves. Hence this day is also referred to as Nandhini Vrata. The idols of cows and calves made of mud are worshipped on this day. Nandini is believed to fulfill the wishes of her devotees.
On Govatsa Dwadashi day, images of Cow and Calf are made and are adorned with turmeric and kumkuma.
Offerings such as sprouted moong and gram are made to cows who are representatives of Nandhini on earth.
In some regions, it is strictly prohibited to drink cow milk, ghee and curd on this day.
This day is also known as “Guru Dwadashi”.