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Showing posts from February 10, 2020

Adhikari In Hinduism – The Competent Person

Adhikara means competency. A competent person is called an adhikari, one who would get the highest benefit from a text. Anyone can read any text if one wishes. But, every text is not meant for everyone. This is much more true of a scriptural text. ‘What are the prerequisite qualifications for undertaking the study of a text?’ The answer to this question is adhikara, competency. One who has those qualifications is an adhikari, competent person. Types of Adhikaris Hinduism takes into account of the fact that everyone is not capable for everything; there are degrees of competency among human beings. Just as all the computer engineers are not of the same category—there are superior, average, and ordinary types of engineers — so also among the spiritual aspirants exist divisions or categories based on their competency. For example, Advaita Vedanta classifies adhikaris into the following three categories. Uttama adhikari, the superior aspirants, are those who are so prepared

Tattva Viveka Of Madhvacharya

Tattva Viveka of Madhvacharya is a treatise dealing with categorization of realities. It is one of the 37 works of Sri Madhvacharya and sub-categorized under prakaranas. A prakarana serves as an annexure to the principal treatise of Brahmasutra. Sri Madhvacharya has written a prakarana, known as Tattva Sankhyana, in which he surveyed the realities accepted in the Dvaita system. Tattva Sankhyana derives its authority from Tattva Viveka. There are some apparent differences between Tattva sankhyana and Tattva Viveka. However, there are no contradictions. Tattva Viveka begins with the classification of prameya (valid knowledge of realities) into two principal categories: svatantra (independent) and paratantra (dependent). Vishnu, with auspicious qualities and free from blemishes, is completely independent (in respect of existence, motivation and knowledge) Paratantra is further classified into two, bhava (existing) and abhava (non-existing). Bhava is of three types Pr

How to Successfully Set Goals and Reach Them?

Successful people set goals and have a clear roadmap to reach the goal. Simply having a goal in life is not enough. We need to clearly know how we are going to reach the goal and what difficulties we are going to face on the path to our destination. During the journey to our final goal, we will have to set numerous small goals. We need to be specific about these short-term goals. They need to be challenging. If you are thinking about studying a new language in six month – you need to set small goals like – I will learn the letters of the new language in a fortnight. Such specific and challenging goals will help you to reach the final destination on time. Do not overwork – working longer is not going to take you to your goal soon. You will tire and break down. Soon you will be drained and you will see the goal getting farther and more difficult. Take frequent breaks. This does not mean you work for 30 minutes and do not return to your table for the next hour. Give small break