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Showing posts from June 6, 2013

Adityas in Hinduism

Adityas in Hinduism means Surya (Sun God) for many. But this is not so. The sons of Sage Kashyapa and Aditi are known as Adityas. The word Adityas means ‘whose mother is Aditi.’ Usually there are twelve Adityas. But some scriptures give the number as Seven and some give the number as Eight.

The Twelve Adityas are: Dhata, Mitra, Aryama, Rudra, Varuna, Surya, Bhaga, Vivasvan, Pusha, Savita, Tvasta and Vishnu.
Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda) and Mahabharata (Adi Parva) state that besides the twelve sons Aditi had 21 children. Thus Aditi had 33 children (12 + 21). From the 33 sons of Aditi were born the thirty three crore devatas. Of these the eldest is Indra and youngest is Vamana. (
Scholars are of the view that there are many different Adityas in Rig Veda. The most important Aditya in the Rig Veda is Varuna. Many Adityas were merged with Surya or Indra or Shiva. 

Adityas is mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita, especially while describing the cosmic form of Bhagavan Vishnu.
Among the (twel…

Hindus Sages Share Food with Widows to Break Institutionalized Oppression against Them

Hindus Sages in Varanasi took a step to break institutionalized oppression against widows by eating and sharing food with them. Hindu seers and Sanskrit scholars shared a meal with more than 100 widows in Varanasi, who are often considered ill omen and untouchables by a section of Hindu society who are ignorant of the true teachings of Sanatana Dharma. Deccanherald writes  Widows from different parts of the country who are living in different ashrams in Varanasi broke traditions, with prominent Sanskrit scholars and saints at a function held at Kashi Vidyapeeth in the holy city.  The function was organised by Sulabh International, a non-government organisation (NGO) active in the field of sanitation.  “It was an exercise to create awareness against the practice of widowhood in the country. Such programmes will help end this treatment,” said Sulabh International founder Dr Bindeshwar Pathak, who sought support of the Hindu seers, saints and Sanskrit pundits to oppose widowhood. The see…

Mental Climate of the Upanishads is saturated with a Passion for Truth, Human Happiness and Welfare – Swami Ranganathananda

The Upanishads do not disclose any details as to the personal histories of their thinkers; but they provide us with a glimpse of the working of their minds; we can study in this literature the graceful conflict of thought with thought, the emergence of newer and newer thought more satisfactory to reason and more in accord with experience at deeper levels, and the rejection of the less adequate ones without a tear.

The Upanishads reveal an age characterized by a remarkable ferment, intellectual and spiritual. It is one of those rare ages in human history which have registered distinct breakthroughs in man’s quest for truth and meaning and which have held far reaching consequences for all subsequent ages.
The mental climate of the Upanishads is saturated with a passion for truth and a similar passion for human happiness and welfare. Their thinkers were undisturbed by the thought of there being a public to please or critics to appease, as Max Müller puts it.
They considered no sacrific…