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Showing posts from March, 2017


Importance of Upanayana in Hinduism – How to Perform Upanayana Ritual?

Upanayana is a sacred ceremony in Hinduism by which a boy or girl between the ages of seven and sixteen is initiated into the spiritual world. Upanayana literally means ‘providing an additional eye’ – upa means additional and nayana means eye of spiritual knowledge and wisdom. The term also means leading the disciple to the Guru (upa – means near and nayana means leading.) Symbolic symbol of Upanayana is the wearing of yajnopavitam or sacred thread.

Yajnopavitam or sacred thread is believed to have worn by the creator. There is no reference to it in the Grahyasutras. Bala Gangadhar Tilak has stated that it is remnant of the cloth worn by Prajapati.
Not all Hindus perform Upanayana. Numerous Hindu communities and sects do not perform the sacred thread ceremony. Like all rituals in Hindu religion this one is also not mandatory.

Those who wear the sacred thread are known as twice born. When a child starts his spiritual education by learning the Vedas, the child is getting a new life. Gur…

Valliyankavu Devi Temple in Idukki, Kerala

Valliyankavu Devi Temple is a powerful shrine dedicated to Mother Goddess Shakti at Paloorkavu near Mundakkayam in Idukki, Kerala. The shrine has two separate sanctum sanctorums – one dedicated to fierce Goddess Bhadrakali and another dedicated to the motherly form of Parashakti Durga.


Legend has it that the murti of Durga worshiped in the temple was originally worshipped by Pandavas and Panchali during their exile period inthe Mahabharata. The murti of Bhadrakali was installed by the tribals of the region.
The temple courted trouble when some people suspected that the tribals were performing ‘bali’ (human and animal sacrifice) in the shrine. The government then took over the temple.


Even today, the temple performs symbolic ‘guruti or bali’ using white pumpkin after the last puja.


Guruti is not performed in the shrine when Sabarimala Temple opens for Mandala Makaravilakku season. The Guruti restarts with Mahaguruti after the Makaravilakku festival in Sabarimala. Thousands of devotee…

Muslims Offering Prayers to Lord Venkateswara Especially on Ugadi – Story of Bibi Nancharamma

Lord Venkateswara, famous as Tirupati Balaji, is worshipped and offered prayers by Muslims in certain regions in Kadapa and Rayalaseema in Andhra Pradesh. Muslims offer prayers in Venkateswara Temples in Kadapa and Rayalaseema during Ugadi, the Hindu lunar year in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka.

Why Muslims Offer Prayers to Lord Venkateswara Muslims in the region believe that Bibi Nancharamma, a consort of Lord Sri Venkateswara, is a Muslim. This belief is based on a folk story prevalent in Rayalaseema region.

It is explained by some scholars that the story about Bibi Nancharamma was a folk imagination during the times of conflicts between Hindus and Muslims during the medieval times (Deekshitulu 2010: page 66).

The story is believed to have helped in unifying Muslims and Hindus of the region. Story of Bibi Nancharamma The story of Bibi Nancharamma is associated with Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of prosperity and consort of Lord Vishnu.

In the regional legend, Godde…

Story of Avvaiyar

Avvaiyar was a great devotional poetess of Tamil Nadu. Her life story is very interesting as she asked for old age to escape from marriage so that she can lead a hassle free spiritual life. The most popular legend is that Avvai was the daughter of Athy, a low caste woman, and a Brahmin named Pagavan.

Unreconciled to his marriage with a low-caste woman, Pagavan unwillingly made Athy promise to abandon her children.

Avvai, the first of seven children, was adopted by a family of traditional singers known as Panars. The adopted child surprised her parents by completing an unfinished song.

When her marriage was being considered, she appealed to Lord Ganesha to extricate her from this travail, and she was transformed into an old woman.

She then led a life of wandering minstrel and her songs and sayings are popular even today.
She is believed to have had darshan of Lord Muruga.
Muruga Gives Darshan to Avvaiyar Legend has it that once Avvaiyar stopped to rest in a forest during her travel. A…

Gauri Tritiya

Gauri Tritiya is an auspicious day dedicated to Goddess Parvati and is mainly observed in Maharashtra. In 2019, the date of Gauri Tritiya is April 8. It falls on the third day of the waxing phase of moon in Chaitra month (March – April) in a traditional Marathi Calendar. Gowri Tritiya is mainly observed by women. Gauri is another name of Goddess Parvati.

There are numerous rituals and festivals associated with Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. In this particular observance, it is believed that Goddess Parvati returns to her parent’s home during the period. Another legend sites that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati got married on the day.

Women conduct special pujas at home and invite neighbors, friends and relatives to take part in the ritual. An image of Goddess Parvati is worshipped along with other deities. The prayers are for the well being of the family. Unmarried women pray for good husbands.

The observance is also known as Soubhagya Gauri Vratam in Telugu culture.

It must be not…

Story of Jayadratha Kidnapping Draupadi in the Mahabharata

Story of Jayadratha kidnapping Draupadi, the wife of Pandavas, is found in the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata. Jayadratha was the king of Sindhu. He attended the swayamvara (marriage ceremony) of Draupadi but did not succeed in marrying her. However, he continued to nurture a secret desire for her. Lust Blinds Once during the 12-year exile period of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata, Jayadratha happened to pass through with his army through the forest in which the Pandavas was living. He saw a beautiful woman standing on the doorway of the ashram. He was overpowered by lust and evil desires made him ask his deputy to find out if the woman was interested in making him her lord.
His deputy soon returned and told Jayadratha that the woman was Draupadi, wife of the Pandavas. He also advised the arrogant king that it would be foolhardy to nurture such evil designs and it is better we vacate the place as soon as possible.
Men who are drunk in power never listen to sane advice. Power and lust …

TTD Panchangam 2017 in pdf – Venkateswara Temple Telugu Panchanga by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams – Tirupati Balaji Temple Panchangam 2017 -2018

TTD Telugu Panchangam is one of the most popular Telugu Panchangams and is published by the Balaji Temple during Ugadi. TTD Panchangam 2017 – 2018 is currently available online in pdf format at the official Venkateswara Temple website. This is the Hevilami Nama Samvatsara Panchangam for the year 1939 (as per Telugu Chandramana calculations).


You can now download or read online the TTD Panchangam from March 2017 to March 2018 for free. It is published by the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), the administrative body that looks after the Tirupati Balaji Temple.

Link - TTDPanchangam 2017 – 2018 in pdf.
You will need pdf reader installed to read or download the Panchangam.

Ugrasena – Story of Father of Kamsa

Ugrasena was the father of Kamsa and the ruler of Mathura. His story is mainly found in the Srimad Bhagavad Purana. He is the maternal grandfather of Lord Krishna.

Ugrasena was not the hereditary king of Mathura. He acquired the right to rule Mathura as Vasudeva, father of Sri Krishna, was not interested in kingship.

When the rule of the solar race over the Mathura region ended, Surasena, king of Yadava clan, occupied the throne of Mathura. His son Vasudeva, father of Lord Krishna, did not wish to become the king. Ugrasena, a chief of an important Yadava clan occupied the throne.

Ugrasena was a noble ruler but unfortunately, he had a son, Kamsa, who was arrogant and oppressive. Kamsa found an evil ally in Jarasandha. He married the daughters of Jarasandha who was ruler of Magadha.

Many a times, Ugrasena attempted to change the cruel and inconsiderate behavior of Kamsa. But all advices of the wise king fell on deaf ears. The advice given by Ugrasena to Kamsa isfound in the Krishna Lee…

Food Cooked by Sita in the Ramayana and What Did Mata Sita Eat In Lanka?

The food that was cooked by Mata Sita in Ramayana was so delicious that it is part of several folklores. A story from Himachal Pradesh connects Sita’s kidnapping by Ravana to the tasty food she cooked. It is believed that Mata Sita did not have to eat anything in Lanka because Indra gave her a food which made sure that she was never hungry during her forced stay in the capital city of the demon king.

As per the folklore, a crow carried the food Mata Sita cooked during her exile period in Ramayana to Lanka. Ravana happened to taste the food. He was so much happy and content with the food that he decided to kidnap Sita and get her to Lanka so that she would cook for him.
Sita’s kitchen is very famous and the objects used by Mata Sita can be found in the Sita-ki-rasoi in Ayodhya.

Sita Rasoi in Chitrakoot


There is also a Sita Rasoi in the Chitrakoot area in Uttar Pradesh. It is located on the crown of the hill above Hanuman Dhara. Bhagavan Sri Ram, Mata Sita and Lakshman resided here duri…

Swamini Vimalananda Thoughts

Meditation is prescribed as a balm to remove all the stress and strain of life.

Even though the Truth, the self, is self-evident we are unable to realize the same due to gross obstacles like dullness of the intellect, attachment to pleasures and objects etc.

The gross obstacles are removed by spiritual practices like japa, asana, pranayama, practice of discrimination and self control, and cultivation of qualities like tolerance and faith.
When a disciple listens with faith, he understands that the import of the Scriptures is, “I am not the finite entity that I consider myself to be, but the Infinite Truth.

Swamini Vimalananda of Chinmaya Mission

Related
Never look back for a moment - Swami Chinmayananda
Sublimation of the ego is the aim of spirituality – Swami Tejomayananda

Ashvattha Tree in Hinduism – Spiritual and Religious Importance of Ashvattha Tree

Ashvattha Tree is popularly known as pipal (ficus religiosa), or the sacred fig, and it is of great spiritual and religious importance in Hinduism. It is known as the tree of knowledge and enlightenment. It is the symbolic inverted tree mentioned in Hindu scriptures. Ashvattha Tree is also the seat of gods and abode of the Goddess of wealth.

Ashvattha literally means the tree under which the horses stand. As per old beliefs, it was the chariot of Gods.



Ashvattha in Vedas The tree, as per Atharva Veda, is found in the heaven and Devas, or demigods, sat under its shade.

The holiness and sanctity of the tree is also mentioned in the Rig Veda.

The tree showers soma (the drink of the Gods), as per the Chandogya Upanishad.

As per Katha Upanishad, the roots of Ashvattha grow upwards and its branches grow downwards. (Symbolism of the inverted tree.)

As per the Rig Veda, the wood of the tree was used to make vessels.

The twigs of the tree were used for oblation in the Vedic fire-altar.

Gods …

Geometric Symbol and Diagram for female principle in Hinduism

There are particular symbols for male, female, creation etc in Hinduism. The symbol for female principle in Hinduism is circle with a dot in the center and inverted triangle. These geometric symbol and diagram explains the female principle or nature in Hindu religion.

As per the Shaktas, or the school of thought that believes in the female energy concept, Mother Goddess Shakti is the deciding factor in salvation or moksha.
Creation is only possible in Mother Goddess. The life force is her wish. She is the mother of all energy forms.
She is worshipped in innumerable forms including Durga, Kali, Parvati, Chamunda…
She is also worshipped in the form of symbols especially in the tantric school of thought.
Circle with a dot in the center and inverted triangle symbolizes fertility. The concept of fertility should not be narrowed down to sexual union of human beings only. It symbolizes regeneration, greenery and plentiful. This is the reason why Mother Goddess takes the form of Annapurana a…

Meaning of Balaji – Lord Vishnu – How Venkateswara Came to be Known as Balaji?

The Balaji form of Lord Vishnu is most famously associated with Lord Venkateswara who is worshipped in the famous Tirupati Balaji Temple in Tirumala. As per Bhagavad Purana the name Balaji means ‘the cosmic child’ or ‘eternal child.’ This meaning has nothing to do with the present day meaning of the term. So how did Venkateswara came to be known as Balaji.



True Meaning of Balaji in Srimad Bhagavad Purana When man breaks Dharma, he breaks cosmic order. Nature is in disarray. The cosmic dissolution happens to set the house in order.

Destructive storm and torrential rains destroy all manmade things in the universe. The raging waters consume all that is there in the world.

Then on the endless ocean, a banyan leaf floats and on it, we get the first glimpse Balaji – a dark child, suckling his right toe. He is the cosmic child. Next cycle of creation begins with his appearance. (This form of Vishnu is also referred as Vatapatrashayin).

But before the next cycle of creation, there is a gre…

We then play to play not to win

Our aim in life should be to directly experience the true reality behind all the forms in the universe. We are impressed and inspired when read or hear spiritual teachings. We decide to follow them. Either we become blind followers or drop following halfway through. We should read and listen to spiritual teachings but stop following them blindly. Think. Contemplate over them. Then chalk out our own path. Then we will be able to lead a better and fruitful life. Only then will we be able to have self realization. Until then what we are having is borrowed realization.

When we realize the unlimited universal Self, we learn more about the limitations of our body, mind and intellect. 
We have been fed this wrong notion that we are an island. In the island, we are supposed to have only certain type of people, ideas and beliefs. This is wrong. By supporting this wrong teaching, we are limiting ourselves. That life force which is present in me is present in all animate and inanimate. This knowl…

Temporary Happiness

Majority of us are satisfied with temporary happiness. This we get from materialistic things, relations and numerous other sources. The life of short-term happiness is very short and we are again in search for it. Temporary happiness also brings with it sorrow, misery, anger, frustration…a whole lot of problems.
We all want to fall into a set pattern. We aim to please many people. We want to be in the good books. We want other people to praise us and notice us. We want recognition. We want to be listened to and obeyed. These and many more such expectations are part of temporary happiness.
Fear is a product of this impermanent happiness. We achieve success and are happy. Next moment we are sacred whether we will lose all this. Fear sets in. Tension follows. We try all means to cling to that which is not permanent. How can we keep that which is fleeting? It is not possible but we try fail…get disillusioned…we live in the past…become diseased…some commit suicide…some become mentally sick…

What is Yoga? – Answer is Return to the Source

Yoga is return to the source. We have been taught that we are different from the source and Yoga is an attempt to correct this wrong. In the process of this correction we find answer to questions like ‘Who am I.’ What is the meaning of life? New questions arise and we become seekers. Till now we have been seeking answers outside. But once we started knowing yoga, we realize that the answer is not outside but inside.

What is all this here? Is there a life after death? Am I being constructive by being part of the rat race? What is the source of all that I can see and I cannot? When you sit in a yoga pose you are slowly move towards finding answer to these and many other questions.



Yoga Is Not A Mere Exercise Or Miracle Cure Yoga should not be seen as a mere exercise or as a miracle cure for various diseases. Yoga can cure diseases but that can only happen, when you are able to realize that the life force in you is present in all animate an inanimate.

Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam Puur…

Hindu Religion Teachings

Just as a spider weaves its net from the materials of its own body, so does Ishwara create this universe out of Himself.

The ego identifies himself with casual bodies undergoes various sufferings and strives for liberation.

One may be indifferent to the enjoyments of this world only in expectation of better enjoyments in the next. This kind of indifference is tainted with desires, which bar the door to knowledge. But the indifference that results from a due deliberation on the evanescent nature of this world as well as the world to come, is alone pure and productive of the highest good.

In this ever-changing world there is one changeless being as witness of these changes. This permanent ever-seeing being is Atman.

Related Understanding Hinduism

Ayonija concept in Hinduism - Not Born from Womb

Ayonija means that which is born without parents – not born due to copulation. Literal meaning is not born from uterus or womb. Ayonija is an important concept in Hinduism.

It is believed that Mother Goddess, Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma are Ayonija.

The eternal omnipresent divine being takes various forms out of will.
Those that appeared through Ayonija never perish. All that is born due to sexual copulation perish in due course of time.


Brahma appeared from the navel of Lord Vishnu. One of the most popular images in Hinduism is that of a lotus sprouting from the navel of Vishnu with Brahma seated on the lotus. (you can read the story here)

Ganesha and Muruga were also not born from a Yoni.

Goddess Parvati rubs her body, creates a boy, Ganesha, out of the material that appears from the body and asks him to keep guard while she bathed.

Muruga was born from the divine spark that emanated from Shiva as a result divided into six and Vayu (wind) and Agni (fire) carried them and deposited it …

Thiruindalur Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu

Thiruindalur Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Srihari is worshipped here as Parimala Ranganathar. It is one of the 108 Vishnu Temples or Divya Deshams. The temple is believed to be more than 2000 years old and is located at Thiruindalur in Nagapattinam District in Tamil Nadu.

Thiruindalur Temple is located around 4 km from Mayiladuthurai Junction Railway Station.


About Murti of Vishnu at Thiruindalur Temple The murti of Parimala Ranganathar in the sanctum sanctorum is in reclining form. He faces east. The vimana above the sanctum sanctorum has Veda Chakra design.

Powerful Murti The belief is that Chandra worships the face of Lord here; Surya, Ganga, Yama and King Ambrisha worships the feet Brahma worships the navel Cauvery worships the head

Saint Tirumangai Azhwar praised Parimala Ranganathar in his hymns.

The sacred pond in the temple is known as Indu Pushkarini. Chandra, the moon god, got salvation after taking bath in the pond.

Mother Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped here as Parimal…

If the mind goes into silence, where and what are you? – Nisargadatta Maharaj

If one totally accepts the knowledge “I am” as oneself with full conviction and faith and firmly believes in the dictum ‘I am that by which I know ‘I am.’ (the firm belief that there is no second).  This knowledge “I am” is the charamrita. Why is it called amrita – the nectar? Because, it is said, by drinking nectar one becomes immortal. Thus, a true devotee, by abiding in the knowledge “I am” transcends the experience of death and attain immortality. But so long as the mind remains unconquered, the experience of death is inevitable.
If you could just give up all other spiritual efforts and disciplines and absorb yourself in relishing the charan-amrita, by abidance in the consciousness, the mind will release you from its clutches. At present, you meekly accept whatever the mind dictates as your own. If the mind goes into silence, where and what are you?
– Nisargadatta Maharaj

The only mistake we are making is of taking the inner for the outer and the outer for the inner – Nisargadatta …

Goddess Padmini

Goddess Padmini is one among the numerous names of Goddess Lakshmi. Padmini means one who is seated on the Lotus. Lotus flower is a symbol of eternity, plenty and good fortune and Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, is usually depicted with a lotus flower. She is always referred to as the wife of Purushottama.

She holds noose and the goad in her upper arms. Two hands are in blessing posture. She wears a garland made of lotuses. She has a gracious appearance. Her complexion is like the heart of a lotus. Her ornaments are in the shape of letters.
Devotees surrender her before for protection. She is the source of all that is noblest in the universe. She is the ultimate refuge.

Padmavati and Padmamalini are two other names of Goddess Lakshmi that is associated with Lotus

Related
Symbolism in the Murti or idol of Goddess Ganga – Significance of Iconographic representation of Goddess Ganga

Symbolism in Ankush or Goad in Hinduism – The Axe like Object in the Hand of Ganesha

Lord Ganesha is depicted with an Ankush, or goad, in one of his hands. Sometimes people confuse it to be an axe. Traditionally goad is used to control elephants in India. Symbolically, Ankush is used by Lord Ganesh to drive mankind forward on the path of self realization.
Ankush symbolizes the need for the control of the elephant size desires which runs amok and ruins the life of a human being. When desires are not controlled it is like an elephant running amok – destroying everything on the path to fulfill the desire.
Ankush is also seen as a symbol which reminds a person for the need to keep the mind in control. The unwanted thoughts that arise in the mind should be controlled by a person just like an Ankush controlling the elephant.
In some images, Ankush is depicted along with an axe-like portion. This axe like portion of Ankush cuts the person away from the false identification with the body and helps in realizing that all animate and inanimate is nothing but the Supreme Being.…

Panchu Mahadeva Temple at Budhakhol near Buguda in Odisha

Panchu Mahadeva Temple is a cluster of five temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located at Budhakhol (3 km away from Buguda) in Odisha. The temple is located around 30 km from Aska and around 70 km from Berhampur.

The temples are located atop a hill and are surrounded by beautiful hills. A huge statue of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva welcomes one to the area.


The small shrines are simple ancient structures.

Shiving is worshipped in the temples. Nandi bull is also found near the temples.

One has to climb a series of steps to reach the shrine.
Special rituals are observed during Shivratri and Kartik Purnima. The month of Shravan attracts scores of devotees.

Related
Telankhedi Shiv Temple near Nagpur – Telangkhedi Temple

Teachings on Shiva and Shivling by Swami Karapatri

Shiva as the undivided principle is worshipped in the linga. His more manifest aspects are represented in anthropomorphic images. All other deities are part of a multiplicity and are thus worshipped in images.
The symbol of the Supreme Man (Purusha), the formless, the changeless, the all-seeing eye, is the symbol of masculinity, the phallus or linga. The symbol of the power that is Nature, generatix of all that exists, is the female organ, the yoni.
Swami Karapatri

Shiva Purana says this about Shivling

The distinctive sign through which it is possible to recognize the nature of someone is called a Linga (Shivling) (Shiva Purana 1.16.106) (More quotes from Puranas)

Related
Story of Shivling at Mahakaleshwar Temple

Goddess Kirti

Goddess Kirti is a manifestation of Goddess Lakshmi. She is actually the manifestation of Narayani as per Lakshmi Tantra. She is thus the consort of Vishnu or Narayana.

Legend has it that Goddess Narayani divided herself into four – Lakshmi, Kirti, Jaya and Maya. Goddess Kirti bestows fame on her devotees.

Goddess Kirti resembles Goddess Lakshmi in her garb and ornaments, except that sometimes her complexion is fair like the kunda flower or campaka flower. Kunda flower is a variety of white jasmine. Champaka flower color is golden yellow.

The twenty-syllable mantra associated with her form is Om hrim krim traim namah sadoditanandavigrahayai hrim krim svaha.
Her anga-mantra is
kram tam krim tam krum tam krim tam kraim tam kraum tam.

Related
Rudramsa Durga

Vrishabha Rasi Color – Vrishabh Rashi Lucky Colour

There are two colors that are dedicated to Vrishabha Rasi and they are the lucky colour associated with the Rashi. The Vrishabh Rashi lucky colours are White and Silver. Wearing white color dress and wearing silver ornaments are good for this rashi people, especially while going for new job or interview.
Please note that in some regions and communities have a different color for the Rashi like other shades of silver or white. (In some regions cream is also associated with the Rashi.
Wearing white and silver color dress for competitions, exams etc are lucky for the Rashi people.

For financial solutions, freedom from debt, for attain wealth etc., you can wear white color stones like pearl etc. 
(Article provided by Sumesh PS. If you like to publish such articles please mail us at hindublog @ gmail. com)

Adukathu Bhagavathy Temple in Kasargod District in Kerala – Adukkath Bhagavathy Temple

Adukathu Bhagavathy Temple, located around 32 km east of Kasargod, in Kerala is dedicated to Mahishasura Mardini form of Goddess Durga. The Adukkath Bhagavathy temple is unique for two reasons one raw buffalo milk offering and another for the turtles in the nearby pond (amakulam).

The main offering to Goddess Mahishasuramardini is raw buffalo milk.


Turtles in Adukathu Bhagavathy Temple Pond The temple pond is full of turtles and is known as Amakulam. During summer, the pond dries up and the turtles too disappear. But they reappear when the pond is full after the monsoon rains.
Rice offering is made to the turtles for cure of skin diseases.
Subsidiary deity worshipped in the temple is Goddess Saraswati.

The most important festivals in the temple is Saraswati Puja during Navratri in September/October.

Related
Turtles in Champeswar Temple Tank in Orissa – Worshipped as Incarnation of Lord Vishnu
Rare Turtle Species – Soft-shell Turtles – In Tripureswari Temple in Tripura

Confusion Regarding Ugadi date in 2017 – Why Gudi Padwa is on March 28 and Ugadi is on March 29, 2017?

There is a confusion regarding Ugadi date in 2017 in Telugu and Kannada calendars followed in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. There is doubt as to Ugadi is on March 28 or March 29, 2017. To make matters a bit more complicated, Gudi Padwa, the Maharashtra New Year, is on March 28.

Ugadi, Hindu New Year, is marked on March 29, 2017 in majority of calendars in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Even the government calendars have marked it on March 29.
Why This Confusion? The confusion because the previous day of Ugadi is Phalgun Amavasya and the tithi as per majority panchangs in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka ends at 8:12 AM on March 28.

Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada Tithi begins at 8:13 AM on March 28 and ends at 6:32 AM on March 29.

When sunrise takes place on March 29, Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada tithi is present. Therefore Ugadi is observed on the day.

Why Gudi Padwa is on March 28 and Ugadi is on March 29? In calendars followed in western parts of India…

Bija – Pinda – Samjna and Pada in Mantra in Hinduism

Bija, pinda, samjna and pada together form a complete mantra. They are four important parts of a mantra dedicated to a particular deity in Hinduism. Each of these parts is in itself effective as a mantra.

Among the four Bija is often used independently and thus we get to hear lot about Bija Mantra.

Any one of the four parts serves purpose of meditation.
Among four parts Bija invariably constitutes the essential part of  particular deity’s mantra.

Bija mantra is of a single word or syllable. The Beej mantras are chanted alone or along with a combination of words.

Of all beeja-mantras, the single-syllable Hayagriva beeja-mantra is the best. It is the king of mantras.

Teachings from Various Puranas

By the action of the undifferentiated air, the different notes, known as do, etc, are produced through the several holes of the flute. So, also, arising from the undifferentiated supreme Self, many states of being appear to exist. (Vishnu Purana)

From the signless comes for the sign, the universe. This sign is the object of word and touch, of smell, color and taste. It is the womb of the elements, subtle and gross. (Linga Purana 1.3.3 – 4)
Because she is the source of development, Nature (prakriti) is compared to a womb. The womb is Nature, basis of all. The enjoyer is Shiva. He is the giver of enjoyment. There is no other giver. (Shiva Purana 1.16.101)

Related
Teaching from Purana on Charity

The fear of Shani – Why do some Hindus fear Lord Sani?

In Hindu astrology there are nine grahas or ‘planets’ and they are Surya, Chandra, Angaraka (Mars), Buddha, Brihaspati, Shukra, Shani, Rahu and Ketu. There also12 rashis or moon signs, corresponding to the 12 sun signs of the zodiac. Of all the grahas, Shani is a mischief maker and Hindu scriptures suggest that even gods are not spared from Shani’s effect. Shani’s effect is believed to be for seven and half years.
Shani or Saturn revolves around the Sun in about 30 years. Thus it passes through all the 12 rashis in 30 years, spending an average of 2.5 years in each rashi.
The astrology associated with Hinduism assigns a specific moon sign to each individual, which is calculated based on the date, time and place of birth.
Shani’s effect starts when Shani enters the rashi just before your particular rashi and ends when he leaves the rashi that’s after yours. This works out to 2.5 x 3, a total of seven-and-a-half years. This is popularly known as Seven and a half Shani.
This seven an…