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Showing posts from August 26, 2022

Sulkadhyaksha – Head Of Tolls In Arthashastra

Sulkadhyaksha is head of the tolls. Sulkadhyaksha is an official mentioned in Arthashastra of Kautilya. Arthashastra describes Sulkadhyaksha as the one responsible for establishing the Customs House and hoisting the flags in the east and north gates of the city. According to Arthashastra, a Sulkadhyaksha should record the identity of the traders, and their merchandise. He should allow them to declare the quality and price of the goods, and should fix it or should do so in auctions. For fear of duty, if a trader declares the quality of goods and the price to be less than what it is, his goods should be confiscated and deposited with the king. According to Arthashastra, if a trader conceals the value of the precious items by pricing it low, a similar treatment should be given to him. If, out of fear of the competition, a trader manipulates the price, all his profits should go to the king. Expensive article used in ceremonies connected with marriage, sacrifices, birth, education, wors

Pakkadavu – Basic Units Of A Bharatanatyam Composition

Pakkadavu is one of the basic units of Bharatanatyam dance composition. Adavu forms the basis of the dance (nritta) technique of Bharatanatyam. The hands combined with a rhythmic movement of the feet and a harmonious flexion of the body in precise coordination is called adavu. Each adavu is identified by a syllabary or rhythmic phrase, e.g. ta tai tam – dhit tai tam. Adavus are the basic vocabulary of a dance composition. There are ten different classes of adavus and in each class twelve varieties – a total of 120 fundamental dance motifs which may be combined in endless variations of choreographic design. Adavu is perhaps the closest to the movement called the karana in Natyashastra terminology. Adavu always beings with a static position and then explores the possibility of movement through different types of foot contacts – with the sole, the toe or the heel and the combination of these, first in place and then in space. A series of adavus strung together in a section of timing (

Thrivikramangalam Mahavishnu Temple Thiruvananthapuram - Facts - History - Architecture

Thrivikramangalam Mahavishnu temple is located Tamalam Trivikramangalam junction on the Karamana – Poojappura road from Kizhakkekotta in Thiruvananthapuram city, Kerala. The main deity worshipped in the temple is Bhagavan Vishnu. The time lies on the banks of Karamana River. The murti of Bhagavan Vishnu worshipped here nearly 6 feet and has four hands – Chaturbahu. The darshanam of Trivikramangalam temple is towards east. The sankalpam of Vishnu here is of Trivikrama (Vamana taking huge form). The Upa Devatas worshipped in the temple are Shiva, Ganapati, Sastha, Devi and Nagas. Shiva, Ganapathi and Sastha are worshipped to the north of Sreekovil. Devi and Nagas are worshipped on the left side of the sreekovil. The 10-day annual festival begins with kodiyettam on Rohini Nakshatra in Meenam month (March – April). Thrivikramangalam Mahavishnu participates in the Kutti-Arattu of the Padmanabhaswamy temple on the Panguni Uthiram day. Trivikramangalam Temple History And Architecture

Shudraka – Sanskrit Dramatist – Short Biography

Shudraka, a Sanskrit dramatist, is acclaimed as the author of the play Mrcchakatika. His identity, however, has remained a matter of contention among scholars. According to one view, Sudraka was an anonymous writer who attributed his work to a king of what name to gain the favor of the court. Sudraka was a king of the Andrabhritya dynasty. A commentator of Amarakosha thinks that Sudraka is synonymous with Vikramaditya, Sahasanka, Sakantaka, Agnimitra, Hala and Saptavahana. Kalhanna, Rajasekhara and Bana present him as a brave king. He is also referred to in Kathasaritasagara and Vetalapancavimsati. The exploits of King Shudraka are narrated in Dasakumaracarita and Avanti Sundarikatha of Dandin. Scholars like Pischel, Macdonnel and Karmarkar are led to think that Mrcchakattika was jointly written by Sivamara I and Sivamara II of South India, under the name Sudraka in the 6th century CE. In fact, the only information that we find about Sudraka as an author of Mricchakatika is from

Suddhavidya In Kashmir Shaivism

Suddhavidya is a fifth of the 36 tattvas in Kashmir Shaivism. Sadvidyatattva or suddavidyatattva (pure knowledge) is the principle of correlation in the universal experience. It is the common resting place or substratum, called sauddhavidya, because in it the things which attain the state of objectivity as denoted by the word ‘this’ and have descended to the level of the objects of knowledge are of the nature of Bodhasaratvad (essence of knowledge); because of this state, they are perceived in their real nature. At this stage, kriya sakti is predominant. The ‘I’ and ‘this’ are recognized with such equal clarity that while both ‘I’ and ‘this’ are still identified, they can be clearly distinguished in thought. The experience of this stage may be called bhedabheda-vimarsanatma (diversity in unity). Moreover, the experience of this stage is also known as paraparadasa. It is intermediate between para (the higher) and apara (the lower). Up to this stage, all experience is ideal. So it is c

Suddha Niscaya

Suddha Niscaya is a jaina point of view of reality. According to Jainism, Suddha Nischaya is the abstract way of looking at reality. When attention is focused on the generic universal being, the entire gamut of reality which, on analysis, is universal-cum-particular appears as one, pure and uniform existence. Jainism distinguishes different types of nayas. A naya refers to knowledge of a thing in a particular context or relationship. Nayas are mainly of two kinds – arthanaya and sabdanaya. The former refers to objects or meanings, while the latter is concerned with words. Arthanaya has the following four categories: Naigamanaya – Herein one does not distinguish the general and particular attributes of an object although one is aware of them. Samgrahaya – Herein the general qualities are emphasized and the particulars where they are manifested are ignored. Vyavaharanaya – Refers to the conventional point of view based on empirical knowledge. Things are taken as concrete partic

Suddha Maya In Saiva Siddhanta

Suddha Maya is the Saiva concept regarding the source of the world.  In Saiva Siddhanta, unlike in Advaita, maya is considered real, and the real matrix of the world. It is the material cause of the world, thereby subscribing to the theory of Satkaryavada, i.e., the effect is really contained in the cause. Shiva is the efficient cause; shakti is the instrumental cause. From maya the world comes into being and during dissolution, too, it goes back to the subtle state of maya. As the world has been created by the gracious Shiva for experiencing pleasure and pain, it becomes an impurity, since it is the product of maya and due to its association with anava or ego. As the material cause of the world, maya is threefold – suddha (pure) maya, asuddha (impure) maya and suddha-asuddha (pure – impure) maya. Saiva Siddhanta accounts for three kinds of selves such as vijnanakalars (with anava only), pralayekalars (with anava and karma only) and sakalars (with anava, karma and maya). Accordingly,

Dreaming Of Komodo Dragon – Meaning

Dreaming of Komodo dragon is a warning sign as per dream meaning and interpretation. The dream means sudden attack on you and the scar will cause intense pain and later problems. It also means you will be physically threatened by mad person or weirdly dressed people. Dreams of Komodo dragon also mean your thinking is clouded and there is no proper direction in your life. Dream of Komodo dragon and you are present in the dream means you will soon face weird situation in life involving people who do not respect social rules and etiquettes. It also means you can be kidnapped. Dreams of Komodo dragon and you see other people means you will witness something gruesome in a public place. You might also need help of public to solve a problem. Dreaming of Komodo dragon and if they are colorful means someone will approach you in a nice way but they will have evil intentions. Dream of Komodo dragon and they are black or white means too much mythical reading or movies is hampering your thought pr

Dreaming Of Koi Fish – Meaning – Koi Fish Pond Dream

Dreaming of koi fish is a good omen as per dream interpretation and meaning. The dream means change of luck and good relationship. Dreams of koi fish pond means you will get opportunity to take risk in life. It is also a sign of wealth and money. Dreaming of white koi fish means you will soon face shortage of something in life. It can be money, physical comfort or happiness. Dream of koi fish pond full of fishes means soon you will be spoilt for choices. There will be plenty of opportunities. Dream of koi fish jumping out of water and facing breathing trouble is a sign of unhappiness. It means cheating, bad relationship and sudden problems in life. Dream of koi fish peacefully swimming around means you need to come out of your comfort zone and attempt new things. This means you will see success if you take risk.

Giving Up Desire – Anger – Greed For A Peaceful Life

Sri Krishna considered desire (kama), anger and greed to be the threefold entry to hell and ruin of the Self. ‘Therefore let man renounce these three.’ Arjuna asked him what prompted a man to commit sin in spite of himself, driven as if by force. Sri Krishna’s reply: ‘They are desire and anger, arising from rajas. They are the enemies, all-devouring and the cause of sin.’ (3.36-7) And he asked Arjuna to discipline the sense organs first and then kill desire, which destroys one’s knowledge and wisdom. And he further said that the enemy called desire could be killed only if one is anchored in the Atman, the spiritual Self behind the body, senses, manas and buddhi. (3.41) Desires become troublesome only when the will – buddhi in action – becomes tagged to them by a resolution (sankalpa). We know that any puja begins with a sankalpa like ‘On this auspicious day… I perform this puja with such and such an end in view.’ The idea is to fix the will on the act of puja so that the mind does no

Dreaming Of Knee Pain – Meaning

Dreaming of knee pain is a bad omen as per dream interpretation and meaning. The dream means you will face difficulties especially health issues related to limbs. It is also a warning sign that something is not good with your body or career. Dreams of knee pain also mean you will be forced to abandon a new plan. It also means delay in important life matters. Dream of knee pain and it is not on you but someone else means additional responsibility. It also means you will not be able to concentrate on your work due to disturbances. Dreaming of knee pain and you see yourself in the dream means you will face numerous difficulties in near future and this will cause havoc in your personal and professional life. Dreams of knee pain and you seem happy in the dream means you will make silly excuses to avoid work and it will get caught. It also means you will have destruction thoughts due to failure.

Dreaming Of Kneading Dough – Meaning

Dreaming of kneading dough is a positive dream as per dream interpretation and meaning. The dream means you will get opportunity to prove your talent. It also means you will be helping people in kitchen. It is also a sign of returning back home. Dreams of kneading dough also mean you will be left alone to take care of yourself or your family. Dream of kneading dough and you are frustrated or sad means you will have to do those things that you do not like. It also means other people decide how your life should be. It also means forced to obey. Dreaming of kneading dough and you are happy means function or return to a place of your liking. It also means you will get opportunity to indulge in a hobby. Dreams of kneading dough and it going out of control means impatience and disinterestedness will result in double work, waste of time and energy.

Dreaming Of Knitting – Meaning

Dreaming of knitting is a good omen as per dream interpretation and meaning. The dream means you will have a peaceful period of life. It also means you will decide to take retirement. Dreams of knitting are a sign that you will be diagnosed with a lifestyle disease and you will have to avoid stress and tension. Dream of knitting and you do not see yourself in the dream means a person in your family will decide to quit job. It also means constant presence of an old person in your home. Dreaming of knitting and you are seen in the dream means you will soon see childbirth in the family. It also means developing attachment to someone. Dreams of knitting and you are familiar with the wool or place means wish fulfillment and you will have a period of leisure with no disturbance.

2 September 2022 Tithi – Panchang – Hindu Calendar – Good Time – Nakshatra – Rashi

Tithi in Panchang – Hindu Calendar on Friday, 2 September 2022 – It is Shukla Paksha Sashti tithi or the sixth day during waxing or light phase of moon in Hindu calendar and Panchang in most regions. It is Shukla Paksha Sashti tithi or the sixth day during waxing or light phase of moon till 11:17 AM on September 2. Then onward it is Shukla Paksha Saptami tithi or the seventh day during waxing or light phase of moon till 9:40 AM on September 3. (Time applicable in all north, south and eastern parts of India. All time based on India Standard Time.  Good – Auspicious time on September 2, 2022 as per Hindu Calendar – There is no good and auspicious time on the full day.  Nakshatra  – Vishakha or Vishakham nakshatra till 10:26 PM on September 2 . Then onward it is Anuradha or Anusham or Anizham nakshatra till 9:15 PM on September 3. (Time applicable in north, south and eastern parts of India).  In western parts of India (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, north Karnataka and south Rajasth