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Showing posts from May 27, 2016

Story of Guha, the Boatman in the Ramayana

Guha is the king of fisher folk and it is he who ferries Bhagavan Sri Ram, Mata Sita and Lakshman across the river on the first day of their exile period in the Ramayana. Guha, the boatman, who heard about the exile immediately, asked Sri Ram to stay with him. But Bhagavan told him that during exile period he cannot stay in a human settlement.

Guha then offered to cook some food. But Sri Ram told him that he cannot eat cooked food as during exile he can only eat what he gets from forest.

Guha then asked to take him as a servant. This was also denied as hermits they cannot have servants. Finally, Guha took out his boat into the waters. He ferried them across to the other side to the starting of Dandaka forest.

Bhagavan then instructed Guha not to ferry anyone else across the river for the rest of the day. He did not want anyone to follow them into the forest.
Guha is an important character in Bhakti literature. Bhagavan Sri Ram treated him as a friend and with respect.

Savitri Brata Fasting in Orissa – Savithri Amavasi Utshav

Savitri Brata, also known as Savithri Amavasya, is an important fast (brata) observed by married women in Orissa. Fasting on the no moon day in the Hindu month of Jyestha is day is considered highly auspicious. In 2018, the date of Savitri Brata is May 15. The festival is based on the unparalleled devotion and determination shown by Savitri to save her husband Satyabana (Satyavan) from the clutches of Yamaraj (the god of death).

Married women in Orissa fast during the day and listen to the story of Savitri and Satyabana. Women fast on this day for the long life of the husbands.
How to observe Savitri Brata? Women wake up early morning on the Savitri Brata day and after taking bath, wear new clothes and ornaments including bangles. All married women wear red vermillion on the forehead, which is elongated to touch the line parting the hair.
Savitri is symbolically represented by the grinding stone, locally known as Sila Pua. The grinding stone is thoroughly cleaned and worshipped. B…

Hiranyakeshi Dharmasutra

Hiranyakeshi Dharmasutra belongs to the Taittiriya Shaka of Krishna Yajurveda. It is part of Hiranyakeshi Kalpa. It is a textbook on rules of conduct and religious and civil law. The text is credited to Satyasadha Hiranyakeshi and is believed to have been composed during 2nd century AD.
It forms the 26th and 27th prasnas of Hiranyakeshi Kalpa. It is also not an independent work as many of the rules found in the book is found in other Dharmasutra texts.

What makes Hiranyakeshi Dharmasutra an important work in later Vedic literature is that it may be taken as the oldest proof for checking the authenticity of the text of Apastamba. Srauta Sutra or Apastamba belongs to the Taittiriya Shaka of Krishna Yajurveda.
The text is concerned with the rules, duties and responsibilities about the conduct of the people as the members of a family, society or a kingdom. It also deals with marriage, sacraments, brahmacharin, etc.

Teachings from Sukraniti

Those rulers who do not follow niti or morals are unfortunate and go to hell, either through misery or through cupidity.

Association with the Guru is for the acquisition of Shastras and the Shastras are calculated to increase knowledge.

To maintain a healthy and prosperous life wealth is necessary. So long as there is wealth, one is respected by all. However, the man without wealth, though well qualified, is deserted even by his wife and children.

The best profession is agriculture.
The collector of taxes is to be like a gardener who collects flowers and fruits after having duly nourished the trees with care.