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Showing posts from June 22, 2007

The Different Versions of the Ramayana in India

The original or Adi Ramayan by Sage Valmiki has been adapted or translated into the various regional languages in India. Majority of them are not mere literal translation instead they all have their own distinguishing features.Ramcharitmanas written by Tulsidas in the 16th century is the Ramayana version popular in North India. In Urdu, it the Pothi Ramayana written in 17th century. In Jammu and Kashmir, it is Kashmiri Ramavatara Charita written in 19th century.In Punjab, it is the Ramavatara written in 17th century by Guru Gobind Singh.In Gujarat, it is the Tulsi-krita Ramayana a Gujarati adaptation of Tulisdas Ramayana in 17th century by poet Premanand.In Maharashtra, it is the Marathi Bhavartha Ramayana written by Eknath in the 16th century. There is also reference of Ramayana being translated into old Marathi during the 12th or 13th century. In Assam, it is the Assamese Katha Ramayana or Kotha Ramayana in 15th century by Madhava Kandali. In Bengal, it is the Bengali Krittivas Rama…