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Hindu Gods Of Various Mental Attributes And Virtues

The Abhasvaras, often referred to as Abhasuras, constitute a fascinating group of demigods or Deva ganas described in the Puranas, ancient Hindu texts. Their name, "Abhasvaras," translates to "the shining ones," indicating their association with illumination and enlightenment. Within Hindu tradition, these divine entities are believed to bestow blessings upon individuals, endowing them with various qualities essential for spiritual growth and inner development.

Comprising a total of 64 deities, the Abhasvaras are considered personifications of different mental attributes and virtues. Among these, twelve principal Abhasvaras hold particular significance, each representing a fundamental aspect of consciousness and inner transformation:

Atma: Symbolizing the soul or the inner self, Atma represents the core essence of individual existence and spiritual identity.

Jnata: Signifying the knower, Jnata embodies the faculty of awareness and consciousness, enabling sentient beings to perceive and comprehend reality.

Dama: Reflecting the quality of restraint or self-control, Dama represents the ability to regulate impulses and desires, fostering inner harmony and discipline.

Danta: Representing patience and forbearance, Danta exemplifies the capacity to endure challenges and hardships with equanimity and resilience.

Shanti: Symbolizing peace and tranquility, Shanti embodies the serene state of inner calm and harmony, free from agitation and disturbance.

Jnana: Signifying knowledge and wisdom, Jnana represents the pursuit and attainment of spiritual insight and understanding, leading to enlightenment and realization.

Sama: Reflecting tranquility and serenity, Sama embodies the quality of mental equanimity and composure, enabling individuals to maintain inner balance amidst external fluctuations.

Tapas: Symbolizing penance and austerity, Tapas signifies the disciplined practice of self-mortification and spiritual endeavor, leading to purification and spiritual growth.

Kama: Representing desire or longing, Kama embodies the driving force behind human aspirations and endeavors, motivating individuals towards self-improvement and fulfillment.

Krodha: Signifying anger or wrath, Krodha represents the destructive aspect of human nature, which, when unchecked, leads to turmoil and discord.

Mada: Reflecting intoxication or pride, Mada symbolizes the egoistic tendencies that cloud the mind and hinder spiritual progress, leading to delusion and ignorance.

Moha: Symbolizing delusion or attachment, Moha represents the deceptive nature of worldly attractions and desires, which bind individuals to the cycle of suffering and ignorance.

In Hindu spirituality, the worship and invocation of the Abhasvaras are believed to facilitate the cultivation of these virtues and qualities within oneself, leading to spiritual enlightenment and inner transformation. Through their divine blessings, devotees aspire to transcend the limitations of the material world and attain the ultimate goal of self-realization and union with the divine.