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Apahara In Hindu Astrology

Apahara literally means ‘taking away’. In Hindu astrology, however, it refers to the divisions of a mahadasha. In the Vimshottari Dasha system, the Dashas of the seven planets and those of Rahu and Ketu, add up to 120 years (Sun 6 years; Moon 10, March 7, Rahu 18, Jupiter 16, Saturn 19, Mercury 17, Ketu 7, Venus 20). Total 120 years and they occur in that sequence or order.

Each Mahadasha is subdivided into nine unequal parts, called apaharas or bhuktis. These are calculated according to the following rules –

In every dasha, the first bhukti or apahara will be that of the mahadasha of the planet itself. It will be followed by other bhuktis in the same sequence.

The duration of bhuktis in the mahadasha of planet ‘x’ will be obtained by the following calculation. Duration of bhukti of a particular planet ‘y’ = (number of mahadasha years of ‘y’ multiplied by number of Mahadasha years of ‘x’) divided by 120. The answer is obtained in years.

In predictive astrology, the relative positions of the dasha Lord and the bhukti Lord, as well as their strength and weakness, would be taken into account. Also, the asterisms occupied by them and the placement of the lords of those asterisms would be considered for predictions about happenings in the given apahara. There is also a smaller division, called pratyantara dasha or antara or the sub-sub period, used to more accurate predictions.