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Choir Or Chorus In Hindu Religion

Samuhagana or Vrindagana is known as choir or chorus in Hindu religion. The origin of it may be traced to the period of Sama Veda and Yajur Veda. In Puranas also we get references to Vrindagana as well as vadya vrinda. Bharata in his Natyashastra refers to a special ensemble (vrinda) called kutapa, which signifies a group of musicians, dancers or actors. A company of vocalists and instrumentalists is called an ensemble, i.e., vrinda or samuha.

The culture of different regions has a great impact on such collective songs and so it has great scope for change according to the tastes of the people.

In samuhagana, the singers present sacred songs of temples, devotional songs, folk songs, patriotic songs, and also classical music compositions like dhrupad, dhamar and hori.