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Langurvir or Languriya: The Form of Hanuman as a Guardian Deity

In various regions of North India, particularly in rural and tribal communities, Hanuman is revered in a distinct form known as Langurvir or Languriya. This unique manifestation of Hanuman is celebrated as an attendant or bodyguard of local mother goddesses. The Langurvir tradition highlights the syncretic nature of Indian religious practices, blending the pan-Indian veneration of Hanuman with local devotional customs and beliefs.

Characteristics and Symbolism

Guardian Role: Langurvir or Languriya is primarily worshipped as a vigilant protector. In this form, Hanuman is seen as a fierce guardian who stands by the mother goddesses, shielding them from evil forces and ensuring the safety of the devotees.

His presence is often invoked in rituals that seek protection, strength, and courage.

Local Mother Goddesses:

These goddesses, known by various names across regions, represent local manifestations of divine feminine power. They are often associated with fertility, prosperity, and the protection of their communities.

Langurvir's association with these goddesses underscores his role as a loyal and powerful ally, emphasizing his devotion and unwavering service.

Rituals and Worship:

Devotional practices involving Langurvir often include traditional songs, dances, and offerings that are specific to the local culture.

Languriya songs, a genre of folk music dedicated to this form of Hanuman, are particularly popular in regions like Rajasthan. These songs celebrate his valor and his role as a guardian.


The iconography of Langurvir may differ from the traditional depictions of Hanuman. He is often portrayed in a more localized, sometimes rustic form, emphasizing his connection to the everyday lives of the people.

Images and idols may depict him with weapons, symbolizing his role as a protector.

Cultural Significance

The veneration of Langurvir or Languriya reflects the adaptability and inclusivity of Hindu worship practices. It illustrates how the epic hero Hanuman, known for his immense strength, loyalty, and devotion in texts like the Ramayana, is integrated into local religious contexts, serving the specific spiritual and communal needs of various regions.

Integration into Local Mythology:

The incorporation of Hanuman into local deities' pantheons showcases the fluid boundaries between mainstream Hindu deities and local folk deities. This synthesis enriches the cultural and religious tapestry of the regions.

Community Bonding:

The communal worship of Langurvir fosters a sense of unity and shared identity among the devotees. Festivals and rituals provide occasions for communal gatherings, reinforcing social bonds and cultural continuity.

Folk Art and Expression:

The worship of Langurvir has inspired a variety of folk art forms, including music, dance, and visual arts. These expressions not only serve religious purposes but also contribute to the preservation and celebration of local heritage.

Langurvir or Languriya represents a fascinating aspect of Hanuman's worship in North India, demonstrating how a widely revered deity can be adapted to fit the cultural and spiritual frameworks of diverse communities. His role as the steadfast guardian of local mother goddesses encapsulates the themes of protection, loyalty, and divine service, resonating deeply with the devotees and enriching the multifaceted tradition of Hanuman worship.