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Life History And Story Of Jungal Balahu Of Assam

The historical figure Jungal Balahu, a prominent character in the history of Assam, is known primarily through oral traditions and local folklore. He was a Tiwa king, the son of King Arimatta. Here is a summary of the life and legend surrounding Jungal Balahu:


  • Tiwa Kingdom: The Tiwas, also known as Lalungs, are an indigenous tribal community in Assam. They have their own distinct cultural and historical heritage. The Tiwa kingdom was one of the numerous small principalities that existed in Assam before the arrival of larger empires.
  • King Arimatta: Jungal Balahu's father, King Arimatta, is often depicted as a powerful and influential ruler in Tiwa lore. He played a significant role in consolidating Tiwa power and establishing a strong kingdom.

Jungal Balahu's Life

  • Rise to Power: Jungal Balahu inherited the throne from his father, King Arimatta. His reign is remembered for its valor and significant contributions to the Tiwa community.
  • Warrior King: Known for his bravery and martial prowess, Jungal Balahu is celebrated as a warrior king. His name "Jungal Balahu" itself suggests strength, with "Balahu" often being associated with force or might.
  • Conflicts and Battles: His reign was marked by numerous conflicts, primarily aimed at defending his kingdom from external threats. These battles are central to the folklore surrounding his legacy.

Legend and Folklore

  • Battle of Raha: One of the most famous legends associated with Jungal Balahu is the battle of Raha. It is said that during this battle, he was mortally wounded. According to legend, he attempted to escape by swimming across the Kollong river but ultimately succumbed to his injuries.
  • Heroic Death: Jungal Balahu's death is depicted heroically, often portraying him as a martyr who fought valiantly for his kingdom till his last breath. His legacy is commemorated in various folk songs and local narratives.
  • Cultural Impact: His story is an integral part of Tiwa cultural heritage. Festivals, rituals, and oral traditions in the Tiwa community often recount the tales of Jungal Balahu, keeping his memory alive through generations.


  • Historical Significance: While much of Jungal Balahu's story is steeped in legend, his historical significance as a Tiwa king reflects the rich and diverse history of Assam. He symbolizes resistance and resilience against adversaries.
  • Cultural Hero: In Tiwa society, Jungal Balahu is more than just a historical figure; he is a cultural hero. His story is emblematic of the Tiwa people's valor and their struggle to maintain their identity and sovereignty.

Modern Commemoration

  • Monuments and Memorials: Various sites in Assam, especially in Tiwa-dominated areas, commemorate Jungal Balahu. These places are often visited during cultural festivals and rituals.
  • Festivals: Tiwa festivals frequently feature reenactments of Jungal Balahu's battles and stories, serving both as a form of entertainment and a means of preserving their history and heritage.

In summary, Jungal Balahu remains a legendary figure in the history of Assam, celebrated for his bravery, leadership, and enduring legacy within the Tiwa community. His life, though partly shrouded in myth, continues to inspire and influence the cultural identity of the Tiwas.