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Chittorgarh Kalika Mata Temple History

The Kalika Mata Temple, situated within the Chittor Fort in Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India, holds a rich history dating back to the 8th century CE. Originally constructed as a Sun temple, the sacred site underwent destruction during the sack of Chittor. However, it was meticulously reconstructed during the reign of Rana Kumbha.

In the 14th century, Maharana Lakshman Singh, in a significant cultural and religious gesture, lit a lamp known as "Akhanda Jyoti" within the temple premises. This act symbolized the perpetuity of the divine light and showcased the enduring devotion of the rulers to the goddess. The deity worshipped in the Kalika Mata Temple is a manifestation of goddess Bhadrakali and is locally referred to as "Chittodeshwari" and "Suryabharnini."

The goddess holds particular significance for the Panwar (Mori Panwar) clan, who trace their lineage back to Chitrangna Mori, the builder of Chittorgarh. The temple is considered the clan goddess of the Panwar lineage, and its sanctity is deeply intertwined with the history and heritage of Chittorgarh.

While the lower portion of the temple has ancient roots, the upper part is a more recent addition. Over the centuries, the Kalika Mata Temple has become a revered pilgrimage site, attracting thousands of visitors daily. The worship of the goddess is carried out under the guidance and supervision of the Saints of Akhada Shri Niranjani, a responsibility bestowed by the Maharana.

This sacred temple stands not only as a testament to architectural and religious prowess but also as a living embodiment of the historical and cultural legacy of Chittorgarh. The rituals, traditions, and stories associated with the Kalika Mata Temple continue to draw devotees and history enthusiasts, preserving the spiritual and historical fabric of the region.