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Avyakta Upanishad

The Avyakta Upanishad, a minor Upanishad associated with the Sama Veda, unfolds profound insights into the nature of the unmanifest reality, referred to as Avyakta, and the process of creation that emanates from it. This Upanishad, presented in prose across seven sections, delves into the origin of the manifested world, exploring the mystical transition from the formless to the manifest.

Before the advent of creation, the Avyakta, existing beyond names, forms, and qualities, was the solitary existence. It then divided itself into two aspects—one green and the other red. The red aspect assumed a male form, while the green one took on the female form known as 'maya.' Through their union, the golden egg, symbolic of creation, emerged, giving rise to Parameshthi or Prajapati.

Prajapati, contemplating his identity and purpose, received guidance from a divine voice emanating from an invisible source. The voice revealed that he originated from the Avyakta and was tasked with creating the vyakta, the manifest world. To fulfill this duty, Prajapati was instructed to lead a life of brahmacarya, austere living, for a thousand years.

Upon completing this rigorous period, Prajapati was bestowed with parama-vidya, the highest knowledge, in the form of riks set in the anustubh meter. Singing these verses for another thousand years, he eventually encountered Bhagavan in the formidable form of Narasimha, the Man-Lion incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Prajapati offered hymns of praise to Narasimha, who, pleased with his devotion, instructed him on a special meditation technique.

This meditation involved Prajapati envisioning himself as an offering into the divine fire of Lord Narasimha. Through this practice, he gained comprehensive knowledge and divine powers essential for the act of creation. Empowered by these insights, Prajapati utilized the revealed riks to bring forth the three worlds, the gods including Indra, the Rudras, the Adityas, the Vasus, day and night, the Vedas, various meters, the four varnas, and all living beings.

The Avyakta Upanishad concludes with a phalashruti, extolling the merits and benefits one attains through the understanding of the revealed knowledge. It emphasizes the transformative nature of this vidya, illustrating how the profound wisdom imparted in the Upanishad leads to spiritual realization and the ability to participate in the cosmic act of creation.