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Ekabera – Bahubera Temples Of Hindu God Vishnu

Temples of Hindu God Vishnu are sometimes categorized into two groups: ekabera temple and bahubera temple. Let us elaborate on the terms "Ekabera" and "Bahubera" in the context of Vishnu temples:

Ekabera Temples:

"Ekabera" is derived from two Sanskrit words: "eka" meaning one and "bera" meaning icon or deity. So, an Ekabera temple is a Vishnu temple where only one permanent icon or deity of Lord Vishnu is present.

In Ekabera temples, there is typically a focus on a single main deity, and all the rituals, offerings, and worship are directed towards that particular icon.

The presence of goddesses Sridevi and Bhudevi (consorts of Vishnu) and the utsava-murti (processional icon) is not a feature of Ekabera temples. The worship is centered around the main deity alone.

The expression however, does not apply to the parivara-devatas or attendant deities that may be installed in the appropriate places in Ekabera temples.

Bahubera Temples:

"Bahubera" is also derived from Sanskrit, where "bahu" means many. Therefore, a Bahubera temple is a Vishnu temple where there are multiple permanent icons or deities of Lord Vishnu. The presence of goddesses Sridevi and Bhudevi (consorts of Vishnu) and the utsava-murti (processional icon) is a feature of Bahubera temples

Unlike Ekabera temples, Bahubera temples may have more than one main deity installed. This could include various forms or manifestations of Bhgavan Vishnu.

In Bahubera temples, worship and rituals may be performed for each of the individual deities present in the temple.

It's worth noting that the terms "parivara-devatas" refer to attendant deities or secondary deities associated with the main deity in Hindu temples. These deities are considered part of the divine retinue and play a supportive role in the overall worship.

The categorization into Ekabera and Bahubera temples reflects different approaches to the centralization or diversification of worship within the context of Vishnu temples in Hinduism.