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Paramatman Suktam

Paramatman Suktam is the 32nd chapter of the Vajasaneyi Samhita of Yajurveda. It is so called because its deity is Paramatman or Atman. Swayambhu Brahman is the rishi (seer) of this hymn, which consists of sixteen khandikas (verses). This is a philosophical hymn having basic Vedic concepts. This chapter is considered to be an Upanishad entitled Tadeva from the first two words. Along with the two chapters of Yajurveda, this sukta is used at the performance of sarvamedha (sacrifice ceremony) that ranks higher than even the purushamedha. After performing this ceremony, the householder has to leave his home for the rest of his life.

Paramatman Suktam presents the glory of the all-pervading Paramatman (Supreme Brahman). According to this hymn, He is the only entity present in all beings. His glory is great. There is no counterpart to Him. Nothing was born before Him. All living creatures are created by Him. All living creatures are created by Him. By Him, earth stands firmly and the heavens are strong. The sun is shining due to Him. The Absolute Being is the only dwelling of all, for He unites and issues the whole. By knowing the Paramatman, one shall become the Parabrahman (Highest Absolute). The almighty creator is our father, who knows all beings and all ordinances.

The nature of mukti (salvation) is elaborated in two (the 11th and 12th) verses. The performer of the sarvamedha is liberated from the bondage of human life. He finally merges with the atman (self). The last three verses pray for wisdom and splendor.