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Dasangam In Hinduism

Dasangam is a word used to denote ten limbs in Hinduism. Literal meaning of the term is also ten limbs. The term is used in different senses in Hindu religion.

One of the four Vedas and the six Vedangas of Alwar describe dasanga (ten parts) of God as he is Sarvajna (omniscient/knower of everything). As the essence of these ten angas is God, Dasangam includes Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharva Veda as Angi and the six Vedangas – Shiksha (science of articulation and pronunciation), Kalpa (science o rituals and ceremonies), Vyakarana (science of Grammar), Nirkuta (science of etymology), Chandas (science of prosody) and Jyotisha (science of astronomy).

Besides the above six angas, Vedas have four upangas – puranas, nyaya (law),mimamsa (philosophy) and dharma shastras  (jurisprudence).

Dasanga also means a powder with ten prescribed items for fumigation, i.e to spread fragrance by heating the incense stick made out of this powder.

A plan of action to avoid deceit, fraud or trick is also called as dasanga.

Hanuman describes the features of Sri Rama as having the following dasanga characteristics in the form of – countenance, mouth, eyes, tongue, lips, palate, chest, nails, hands and feet.

Sri Rama had the following dasangas in proportionate form (i.e. ten ample limbs) – chest, head, forehead, neck, arms, shoulders, navel, feet, back and ears.