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Vishwanatha Chakravarti Author Of Ananda Chandrika

Vishwanatha Chakravarti is a commentator of Chaitanya School of poetics, of which Rupa Goswami is the pioneer. Rupa Goswami was instructed to write Bhakti Rasamrita Sindhu by Chaitanya. This is a standard work of the Bengal Vaishnava School of poetics. The school is based on Bhagavata Purana, which derives its tenets from the example and precept of Lord Chaitanya. It propounds a new rasa theory, based on religious mysticism and theology. Rupa Goswami has also written Ujjvalanilamani. This work is commented upon by Visvanatha Cakravarti. The title of the learned commentary is Ananda Chandrika. This commentary was composed in 1694 CE at Vrindavan.

Apart from Ananda Chandrika, there is a commentary by Jiva Goswami on Ujjvalanilamani. This commentary, along with the original text of Ujjvala Nilamani, are a landmark in the Indian rasa theory. Formerly, the Paramara king Bhoja Deo had propounded his peculiar rasa theory, giving importance to sringara. Visvanatha Cakravarti has also propounded the same view in his Madhurya Chintamani.

In Ananda Chandrika, the commentator states that rasa is experienced eternally by Bhagavan Sri Krishna and by none other. The Radhabhavadhuti Sablitatva is the core of rasa realization, and madhuyra is the very essence of it. Visvanatha Cakravarti has again and again emphasized madhurya as a condition for realization of rasa.