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Thrivikramangalam Mahavishnu Temple Thiruvananthapuram - Facts - History - Architecture

Thrivikramangalam Mahavishnu temple is located Tamalam Trivikramangalam junction on the Karamana – Poojappura road from Kizhakkekotta in Thiruvananthapuram city, Kerala. The main deity worshipped in the temple is Bhagavan Vishnu. The time lies on the banks of Karamana River.

The murti of Bhagavan Vishnu worshipped here nearly 6 feet and has four hands – Chaturbahu. The darshanam of Trivikramangalam temple is towards east. The sankalpam of Vishnu here is of Trivikrama (Vamana taking huge form).

The Upa Devatas worshipped in the temple are Shiva, Ganapati, Sastha, Devi and Nagas. Shiva, Ganapathi and Sastha are worshipped to the north of Sreekovil. Devi and Nagas are worshipped on the left side of the sreekovil.

The 10-day annual festival begins with kodiyettam on Rohini Nakshatra in Meenam month (March – April).

Thrivikramangalam Mahavishnu participates in the Kutti-Arattu of the Padmanabhaswamy temple on the Panguni Uthiram day.

Trivikramangalam Temple History And Architecture

Trivikramangalam temple dates back to the 11th - 12th century CE and is famous for its sculptures and architecture.

The Sreekovil is three-storeyed and the roof is covered with tiles. Above the granite Adhishtana there is a rare variety of outstanding structures made of a rare variety of laterite blocks.

The panels depicting the dancing figures and the Dwarapalaka figures are also noteworthy. The Dwarapalakas standing on the coils of snakes carved in granite are located on either side of the main entrance. Dwarapalakas are comparatively tall and their one leg is resting on the hood of the serpent.

There are three stone relief panels on the balustrade; the central rectangular one flanked by two triangular pieces carved on vyali panel molded in the form of an arch.  The central compartment contains three figurines of a dancing woman and two mothers with their kids on both sides of the dancing woman. The other two panels depicts two types of dance poses along with the accompanying artists keeping rhythm and time with percussion instruments like Maram and Thappu.

One of the dancing figures illustrates the posture Ardha Madali as described in the Natya Shastra of Sage Bharata.  The graceful twist of the danseuse's body has been portrayed with exquisite workmanship. The seductive smile and coquettish charm of the danseuse as well as the appreciate fervor on the face of the percussionists reveal the wonderful aesthetic detail and artistic sense with which the graceful lithic translation has been made.

There were murals on the lime plastered lower walls of the Sreekovil which are almost been damaged.

The temple was originally owned by the Kupakkara Madom.