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Iranikulam Mahadeva Temple – Thiruvairanikulam Temple History – Facts

Iranikulam Temple is located in Thrissur District, Kerala. The temple is dedicated Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Here is look at the history and important facts of Thiruvairanikulam Temple.

There are two temples inside the Iranikulam Mahadeva temple compound. Both are dedicated to Shiva and they are known as Vadakedathappan and Thekedathappan.

Shiva, Parvati and Subrahmanya are found in the same peedam in the Vadakedathappan temple.

It is believed by some devotees that during ancient times the temple had murtis of Indra, Indrani and their son Jayantan. The place Iranikulam is named after Indrani.

Thekedathappan temple has a Shivling made out of sand. Abhishekam is not performed on this Shivling. Thekedathappan has more importance in the temple. All pujas are first offered here.

It is believed that the Thekedathappan temple initially belonged to the 41 Illams in the region. But infighting and problems resulted in the construction of Vadakedathappan.

Both the deities face east.

Thekedathappan has two storied round sreekovil. There are carvings for more than 500 animals around the sreekovil.

The sreekovil of Vadakedathappan is square in shape.

The main festivals in the temple are observed on Thiruvathira nakshatra in Dhanu month and Shivaratri.

In ancient times, 28-day festival was observed in the Vrischikam month.

The main festival in the temple now which attracts thousands of devotees is the opening of the shrine of Goddess Parvati. The doors of Goddess Parvati are only opened for 12 days in a year starting from the Thiruvathira Nakshatra in Dhanu month. This is now famous as Thiruvairanikulam temple opening.

The Upa Devatas in the temple are Sastha, Mahavishnu and Bhagavathy.

The main offerings or Vazhipadukal  in the temple are Brahmani Pattu, Pattu Nadaykkuvakkal and Manjalpodi Adal.

The temple was destroyed in 1789 and it was later restored by not in its entirety.

Some ancient murtis and vigrahas were found in a well in the temple and this is now kept in Thrissur Pooram.

Some scriptures and inscriptions found in the temple indicate that the temple was built during the 9th century AD.

The shrine is one among the 108 Siva temples built by Parasurama. Centuries-old inscriptions are found in the temple.

The temple is popular for its architectural perfection and sculpture. The Vatta Sreekovil, towers and huge Balikalu are important structures in the temple.

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