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Essence Of Bhagavad Gita – Sri Ramana Maharshi


A devotee once complained to Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi that it was hard to keep all 700 verses of the Bhagavad Gita in one's memory and asked whether it would not be possible to pick out the most important verses for remembrance. Bhagavan accordingly selected 42 verses which he arranged in an appropriate order.

Further asked if any of these could be regarded as the most essential, he mentioned Book X, v. 20, that is the verse which comes fourth in his enumeration : "I am the Self, Oh Gudakesa, dwelling in the heart of every being; I am the beginning and the middle and also the end of all beings."

Essence Of Bhagavad Gita

This body, Oh son of Kunti, is called the kshetra (field); Him who knows it, the Sages call, the kshetrajna (Knower of the field). (Bhagavad Gita xiii. 1.)

Know Me also as the Knower of the field in all the fields, Oh Bharata: knowledge of the field and of the Knower of the field I deem to be true Knowledge. xiii. 2.

I am the Self, Oh Gudakesa, dwelling in the Heart of every being; I am the beginning and the middle and also the end of all beings. x. 20.

Of those born the death is certain, and certain the birth of those dead: therefore for what none can prevent thou should not grieve.  ii. 27.

Never is He born nor does He die; nor, having been, ceases He any more to be: unborn, abiding, eternal, ancient, He is not slain when the body is slain. ii. 20.

Not to be cleft is He, not to be burnt is He, not even to be wetted nor yet to be dried is He: abiding He is and all-pervading, stable, immovable, and from everlasting, ii. 24.

Know That to be indestructible whereby all this is pervaded; of this Immutable none can work destruction. ii. 17.

Of the non-existent there is no being, and of what exists there is no not-being; the definite ascertainment of both is seen by the Seers of the Essence of Truth. ii. 16.

As ether everywhere present is not polluted by virtue of its subtlety, even so the Self abiding everywhere is not polluted in the body. xiii. 32.

 Nor sun nor moon nor fire illumines It: and whither having gone men return not, That is My Supreme Abode. xv. 6.

Unmanifested, Imperishable is this called; and this they proclaim the Supreme State, from which when once attained they return not, That is My Supreme Abode, viii. 21.

Without pride, without delusion, victorious over the blemish of attachment, ever abiding in the Self, their desires abandoned, released from the pairs called pleasure and pain, they go undeluded to that Immutable Abode. xv. 5.

He who forsakes the ordinances of the Scriptures, and acts under the influence of desire, attains not perfection, nor happiness, nor the Supreme State. xvi. 23.

He who sees the Supreme Lord dwelling alike in all beings, perishing not as they perish, he it is who sees correctly. xiii. 27.

 By devotion alone, without ‘otherness’, Oh Arjuna, can I be known, seen and in essence entered, Oh Parantapa. xi. 54.

The faith of every man, Oh Bharata, accords with his essential character; man is instinct with faith: as that wherein a man has faith, so is he. xvii. 3.

He that has intense faith, and to that faith being devoted has the senses controlled, gains Knowledge; and having gained Knowledge he swiftly attains Supreme Peace, iv. 39.

To those who are self-attuned and who worship Me with loving devotion I give that union with understanding whereby they come to Me. x. 10.

Out of compassion for them and abiding in their Self I destroy with the resplendent Light of Knowledge their darkness born of ignorance. x. 11.

 In those in whom ignorance is destroyed by Knowledge of the Self, Knowledge like the sun illumines That Supreme. v. 16.

High, they say, are the senses; higher than the senses is the mind; and higher than the mind is the understanding; but one who is higher than understanding is He. iii. 42.

Thus knowing Him to be higher than the understanding, steadying the self by the Self, Oh thou strong of arm, slay the enemy in the form of desire, so hard to overcome, iii. 43.

Just as a burning fire makes ashes of its fuel, Oh Arjuna, even so does the Fire of Knowledge make ashes of all works, iv. 37.

Him whose every enterprise is without desire or motive, whose actions are burnt up in the Fire of Knowledge, the wise call a Sage. iv. 19.

All around the austere Sages, free from desire and wrath, who have subdued their mind and have realised the Self, radiates the beatific Peace of Brahman. v. 26.

Little by little one should realise tranquillity, by judgment with a steadfast purpose; making the mind abide in the Self, one should think of nothing at all. vi. 25.

Towards whatsoever the mind wanders, being fickle and unsteady, there from it should be withdrawn and brought under the sway of the Self alone. vi. 26.

The saint who devoutly seeks Liberation, with the senses, mind, and intellect subdued, without desire, fear, or wrath, is indeed ever Liberated. v. 28.

He who is steadfast in yoga and looks on everything impartially, sees the Self dwelling in all beings, and all beings in the Self. vi. 29.

I undertake to secure and protect the welfare of those who without ' otherness' meditate on Me and worship Me, and who ever abide thus attuned. ix. 22.

Of these the Jnani, who is ever attuned, whose devotion is centred in Me, is the most excellent; because to the Jnani I am exceedingly dear and he is dear to Me. vii. 17.

At the end of many births the Jnani finds refuge in Me, recognizing that Vasudeva is all. Such a high Soul is very hard to find. vii. 19.

When one puts away, Oh Partha, all the desires that are in the mind, and in the Self alone, by the Self, is well satisfied, then is one called a man of steadfast wisdom, ii. 55.

That man attains Peace who, having cast away all desires, remains without longing, devoid of 'I' and ‘mine’ ii. 71.

He by whom the world is not disturbed, and who is not disturbed by the world, free from exultation, impatience, fright, and agitation — he is dear to me. xii. 15.

He who holds honour and dishonor equal, equal the friendly party and the foe, who has renounced all enterprise — he is said to have transcended the gunas. xiv. 25.

The man who revels here and now in the Self alone, with the Self is satisfied, and in the Self alone is content — for him there is no work to do. iii. 17.

For him there is no purpose either in doing work or in leaving it undone ; nor is there in all beings anything which serves him as a purpose. iii. 18.

Content to take what chance may bring, having transcended the pairs of opposites, "free from ill-will and even-minded in success or failure, though he works he is not bound. iv. 22.

The Lord, Oh Arjuna, dwells in the Heart of every being and His mysterious power spins round all beings as if set on the wheel. xviii. 61.

To Him alone surrender, Oh Bharata, with all thy being; by His Grace shalt thou obtain Peace Supreme, the Abode Eternal. xviii. 62.






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