--> Skip to main content

Daruja Linga – Shivling Made Of Wood

Daruja lingas are Shivlings made of wood. Wood of certain trees are only is used in the making of the linga. The wood of trees that are used to prepare Daruja linga are Shami, Madhuka, Karnikara, Manduka, Tinduka, Arjuna, Pippala, Udumbara, Khadira, Chandan, Sala, Bilva, Badara and Devadaru.

It is also mentioned in some texts that wood of all trees that have barks can be used. Trees that have milky latex oozing out when cut is said to be ideal for making the linga. Jackfruit tree wood is widely used in South India for making lingas.

Before cutting the tree for a making a Shivling, prayers have to be offered to the tree, Mother Earth, and all living beings residing on the tree. Permission is to be taken from the tree and the living beings residing on it. If the tree is hosting large number of birds, then the tree is to be avoided.

One can also use only a big trunk of the tree for making Daruja Linga. So the entire need not be cut down.

Details regarding the preparation of Daruja Linga are found in the Kamikagama and other texts.

Additional Updated Information

The worship of Shiva in the form of a Shivling holds deep symbolic significance in Hindu mythology and philosophy. The Shivling, a cylindrical icon with a spherical top, represents the abstract and formless aspect of God, as Shiva is considered beyond name and form. It serves as a tangible representation through which devotees can connect with the divine.

The term "Daru" translates to wood, and Shivlings carved out of wood are known as "darujalingas." These darujalingas fall under the category of sthavara or stationary Shivlings. They have prescribed minimum and maximum heights, ranging from 16 to 144 angulas. An angula is approximately 1.9 centimeters or 0.75 inches.

Darujalingas are further classified into different varieties based on their height, with some texts mentioning 9 varieties and others even suggesting 33. For instance, the makara-linga, which is the smallest, is 16 angulas in height, while the dandalinga measures 80 angulas, and the phalodi bhava linga, the tallest permissible, stands at 144 angulas.

Various types of wood are recommended for carving darujalingas, totaling around 20 varieties. Some of these include Shami (Prosopis spicier), devadaru (Cedrus deodara), chandana (sandalwood), bilva (Aegle marmelos), ashvattha (peepul tree), and ashoka (Saraca asoca). Each type of wood carries its own symbolism and significance in the worship of Shiva, adding layers of meaning to the religious practice.