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Bhrumadhya Drishti

Bhrumadhya Drishti is fixing the eyes on an object in the practice of Yoga. Bhru in Sanskrit means an eye brow. Dhrishti means sight. Bhrumadhya means the space between the eyebrows, particualry the middle point between them.

In Yogic practices it indicates ‘gaze’ or ‘fixing the eyes’ on an object, which may be located inside the body, e.g. chakras (the energy centers) situated along the spine, or it may be an external object like the tip of the nose or the midpoint between the eyebrows.
‘Inner graze’ and ‘outer gaze’ are the two forms of drishti.

Bhrumadhya Drishti (the space between the eyebrows) is the location of the sixth lotus in the ascending order called ajna chakra. It is the seat of the mind. Fixing the gaze helps to arrest the movements of the mind and makes it steady in laya (a state of tranquility).

When the mind and breath are silenced together with pranayama (a sustained practice of breath control), inside the vacuum in the ajna chakra called bhrumadhyakasa, the eyes, half-open, cease to wink and see anything. This state is called Shambhavi mudra. It causes the third rudra granthi (knot of ignorance) to open up. That makes for the state of liberation (Hatha Yoga Pradipika: IV – 37; IV 74–76)

In Yogic texts (Hatha Yoga Pradipika: IV – 36 – 40) and (Advayatarak Upanishad 1 – 8), words like lakshya, tarak yoga or simply taraka are used in place of drishti.

The inner graze is called ‘antarlakshya’ or ‘antardrishti’ while the outer gaze is called bahirlakshya.

In Hatha Yoga Pradipika, nasagra drishti (the nasal gaze) is said to be associated with padmasana (the lotus pose) (I.44), while bhrumadhya drishti (the frontal gaze) is said to be a part of siddhasana (the adept pose) (I.35)