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What is Guna in Hinduism?

Hinduism teaches us that energy has three qualities. In nature, these three qualities exist in equilibrium – Sattva (calm/peaceful/pure), Rajas (activity/attachment/desire), and Tamas (darkness/inertia). The three Gunas also govern human beings.

Gunas are in a perfect balance in nature.

Human beings suffer when there is an imbalance in the Gunas.

Imbalance of the Gunas is the result of false knowledge and false identification.

Knowledge of Gunas is essential for a peaceful life. This knowledge has to be acquired through understanding and self-enquiry.

There is also a big misunderstanding that the aim of the life is to be constantly in Sattva Guna. This is not true. For life to move ahead there should be a balance of all the three Gunas. You cannot live in a society and perform your dharma if Sattva Guna dominates.

The attainment of right knowledge that helps in attaining moksha should be the aim of life and the gunas helps in attaining moksha.

The concept of this Guna is symbolically seen in trishul, bilva patra etc.