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Mangala in Hinduism – Auspiciousness in Hindu Religion


The term Mangala in Hindu religion means auspicious, lucky or a good omen. It also means good fortune in Hinduism.

Ashtamangala (eight auspicious symbols) are common in Hinduism. These symbols originated from early Hindu symbols of royalty, which were presented at the time of the coronation of a Hindu king.
The ashtamangala are parasol, a pair of golden fish, great treasure vase, lotus, right turning conch, srivatsa (endless knot), banner of victory and wheel of dharma.

Mangala Gauri is Shakti or Mother Goddess. She is the goddess of benevolence. We find numerous temples built for her, but the oldest is one at Gaya, Bihar, which finds mentions in Padma, Vayu and Agni Puranas.

The traditional view holds that all women by their very nature are Mangala.

At the top is the married woman, whose husband is alive and who has given birth to several children. She is called an auspicious woman, sumangali.

In ritual terms, however, the devadasi (temple dancer) exceeds even the sumangali in being auspicious.

Two reasons for this are: first, her individual female powers are merged with those of the goddess; second, she is dedicated to a divine husband who can never die. Since she can never lose her auspiciousness, she is called nityasumangali (ever auspicious).

The devadasi performed dances to establish the auspicious and ward off the amangala and kudrishti (inauspiciousness).

Tilaka, sindura and mangalasutra are also considered auspicious.

The playing of nadaswaram is considered auspicious and hence referred to as mangala isai in Tamil.