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Facets of Vedanta – Adi Shankara – Ramanuja – Madhvacharya

Vedanta as per Shankaracharya

This is the conclusive statement of Vedanta: The jiva and the whole universe are nothing but Brahman, and that liberation means abiding in the indivisible Reality (Brahman). The Vedas are testimony to the non-duality of Brahman. (Shankaracharya, Vivekachudamani, 478)

Vedanta as per Ramanujacharya

Thus, as the supreme Brahman—who is the inexhaustible mine of innumerable auspicious qualities unsurpassable in excellence, who is free from evil, who is possessed of infinite glorious powers, who is the boundless ocean of amiability, affection, and beauty, who is the whole with the individual selves as his parts (and thus subservient to him)—is meditated upon as being related (to the individul self ), he becomes the object of unsurpassed love and himself leads the individual soul to Brahman (his own self ). (Ramanujacharya, Vedartha-sangraha, 243)

Vedanta as per Madhvacharya

According to Madhvacharya, Sri Hari is the Supreme Being and the world truly real. The individual souls are different from and subservient to Hari, and are also mutually distinct. Mukti is the experience of pure bliss (in the presence of Hari) and bhakti the means to it. Perception, inference, and the Vedas are the means of valid knowledge, (but) the knowledge of Hari is available only through the Vedas.