Science was not anathema to ancient Hindus. Hindu religion
always encouraged scientific spirit and this is the reason why Hinduism has
stood up to the challenges of modern science better than any other religion.
Here is a list of ancient Hindu scientists whose contribution to modern science
and mathematics can never be ignored.

**Baudhayana**–

Lived around 800 BC

Subject – Mathematics

Books – Sulbasutra – contains calculation of pi, Pythagoras theorem,
circling the square, square root of 2 etc

**His contribution**– calculating pi

**Susruta**–

Lived around 600 BC

Subject – Medicine – Surgery – Plastic Surgery – Rhinoplasty

Books – Susruta Samhita – mentions about over 1100 disease
including fevers of 26 types, 8 types of jaundice, 20 kind of urinary
complaints. More than 760 medicinal plants are recorded in the work.

**His contribution**– Father of plastic surgery.

**Acharya Kanad**–

Lived around 600 BC

His contribution – originated the idea of atom an
indestructible particle of matter (Paramanu or anu)

**Acharya Charaka**–

Lived around 300 BC

Subject – Ayurveda

Books – Charaka Samhita – the most ancient and authoritative
work on Ayurveda.

**His contribution**– First to discuss the role of digestion, metabolism and immunity in maintaining good health.

**Aryabhatta**–

Lived around (476 – 550 AD)

Subject – Mathematics and Astronomy

Books – Aryabhattiya – summary of the mathematics of his
time.

**His contribution**–

Zero and place value system in Mathematics,

explanation of lunar eclipse and solar eclipse,

rotation of Earth on its axis,

reflection of light by moon,

sinusoidal functions,

solution of single variable quadratic equation,

value of π correct to 4 decimal places,

circumference of Earth to 99.8% accuracy,

calculation of the length of sidereal year

**Varahamihira**–

Lived around 6th
Century AD

Subject – Mathematics, Astronomy and Astrology

Books – Pancha-Siddhantika

Books – Pancha-Siddhantika

**His contribution**– A version of Pascal's triangle and worked on magic squares.

**Bhaskara I**–

Lived around 7th
Century AD

Subject – Mathematics and Astronomy

Books – Aryabhaitiyabhasya

**His contribution**– Gave a unique and remarkable rational approximation of the sine function

Representation of numbers in a positional system.

**Brahmaguta –**

Lived around 7th Century AD

Subject – Mathematics and Astronomy

Books – Sulbasutra – contains calculation of pi, Pythagoras theorem,
circling the square, square root of 2 etc

**His contribution**– Rules to compute with zero

Solution to linear equation and general quadratic equation

Formula for cyclic quadrilaterals.

**Lalla**–

Lived around 750 AD

Subject – Mathematics and Astronomy

Books – Shishyadhividdhidatantra

**His contribution**– Application of mathematics to astronomy

Find out more about Lalla

**Sridhara**–

**Lived around 9**

^{th}century AD
Subject –
Mathematics

Books –

*Ganitasara*and*Ganitapanchavimashi***His contribution**– first to give a formula for solving quadratic equations.

**Bhaskara II – Bhaskaracharya**

Lived in 12th Century AD

Subject – Mathematics and Astronomy

Books – Siddhanta Shiromani,

**His contribution**– Discovery of the principles of differential calculus and its application to astronomical problems and computations.

Find out more about Bhaskara II

**Madhava –**

Lived (1350
AD to 1425 AD)

Subject – Mathematics

**His contribution**- Important advances in infinite series including finding the expansions for trigonometric functions.

**Chitrabhanu –**

Lived during the 16

^{th}century
Subject – Mathematics

**His contribution**- Gave integer solutions to twenty-one types of systems of two algebraic equations.