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Story of Shakti Peeth – Reason For 51 Shakti Peethas Of Mother Goddess In Hinduism

Shakti Peethas are sacred places associated with Goddess Shakti in Hinduism. There are 51 Shakti Peeth (please note that as per some texts there are 52 Shakti Peethas) and majority of them are located in India. A couple of them are located in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Here is the story of the Shakti Peethas along with reason for its origin.

According to ancient Hindu scriptures, Daksha Prajapati did not approve of the marriage between his daughter Sati and Mahadev Shiva.

After Sati got married to Shiva, he organized a 'yajna', a great sacrifice, and invited all the deities, heavenly creations and dignitaries, except Sati and Shiva.

Sati wanted to find out why her husband was not invited to the yajna. Shiva warned Sati that the sole aim of the yajna was to insult him and she should not go there as she will be insulted.In spite of Shiva’s warning Sati went to enquire about it with her father, and as predicted by Shiva she was insulted by Daksha. 

As Sati confronted her father, she was ridiculed by the king and the guests.

Angry and insulted, Sati decided to break all ties with her father, and even sacrificed her body that was given to her by her father.

Shiva who came to know about the death of Sati arrived at the scene and destroyed the entire palace of Daksha. But this did not calm Shiva’s rage. He took the body of Sati and started performing Tandava.

As a result of the Tandava, there was chaos in the universe. There was total imbalance. The gods saw and early end to the cycle of creation.

To control this destructive dance, Vishnu dissected Sati's body into 51 pieces and dispersed them all over the world. Wherever her body parts fell, temples called Peetha or Shakti Peethas were established.