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Pancha Janah or Five People Concept in Hinduism

Pancha Janah means five people and the concept is mentioned the Aitareya Brahmana – a holy text associated with Hinduism. The Pancha Janah mentioned in it are Gods, Gandharvas (Apsaras), human beings, serpents and departed souls (dead ancestors).

Sayana, philosopher and commentator of Vedas,  is of the opinion that the Pancha Janah are Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vyshias, Shudras and Nishadas.

Yaska, a grammarian who preceded Panini, is of the view that Pancha Janah are gods, men, gandharvas, asuras and rakshasas.

Some modern scholars equate Pancha Janah with Pancha Deva.

Some scholars equate it with five breaths – Prana (inhaling), Apna (exhaling), Vyna (body pervading), Samana (wind at navel) and udana (vital wind rising upwards).