--> Skip to main content

Vajrasuchi Upanishad – Who is Brahmana?

Whoever he may be, he who has directly realized this Atma and who is directly cognizant of his Atma that is without a second; That is devoid of class and actions, that is free from the faults of six stains and six changes, that is of the nature of truth, knowledge, bliss and eternity, that is without any change in itself, that is the substratum of all the kalpas, that exists penetrating all things that pervades everything within and without as akas, that is of nature of undivided bliss, that cannot be reasoned about and that is known only by direct cognition. He who knows this truth is a Brahmana.

He who by the reason of having obtained his wishes is devoid of the faults of thirst after worldly objects and passions who is the possessor of the qualifications beginning with sama, who is free from emotion, malice, thirst after worldly objects, desire, delusion, etc., whose mind is untouched by pride, egoism, etc., who possesses all these qualities and means – he only is the Brahmana.


This passage 'He who by the reason .....he only is the Brahmana' reflect the qualities and characteristics traditionally associated with the concept of a "Brahmana" in Hindu philosophy. Let's expand upon it:

A Brahmana, according to this perspective, is not merely defined by birth or caste, but rather by a set of inner qualities and virtues. These qualities transcend social status and are indicative of one's spiritual evolution and inner attainment.

Firstly, it emphasizes the idea of contentment and fulfillment. A true Brahmana is someone who has attained their desires or wishes, yet remains unaffected by the allure of worldly possessions and passions. This suggests a sense of inner peace and detachment from material desires.

Furthermore, the passage highlights the importance of inner qualities such as sama, which refers to qualities like equanimity, tranquility, and balance. A Brahmana embodies these virtues, demonstrating a calm and composed demeanor regardless of external circumstances.

Moreover, a Brahmana is described as being free from negative emotions such as malice, desire, and delusion. This indicates a state of emotional purity and clarity of thought, where one is not swayed by base instincts or irrational impulses.

The absence of pride and egoism is also emphasized, suggesting humility and selflessness as essential traits of a Brahmana. Such individuals are not driven by arrogance or self-aggrandizement but instead possess a sense of humility and service towards others.

In essence, this passage portrays the Brahmana as someone who has transcended the limitations of the ego and material desires, and who embodies qualities of inner peace, purity, humility, and selflessness. It suggests that true Brahmanas are those who have cultivated these inner virtues, regardless of their external circumstances or social status.