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Tagore Birth Anniversary - Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti 2024

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) – Nobel Laureate - poet, novelist, musician, painter and playwright. The Jayanti celebrations are annually held on May 7. In 2024, it is the 163rd birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore. Certain Bengal calendars usually mark the day on May 8.

He was a freedom fighter, educational reformist through experimental school at Shantiniketan, painter, musician, novelist but it is his poetry that caught the imagination of his country men and world.

He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 for Gitanjali.

Home­schooled till the age of 17, Tagore was a child prodigy. He penned his first poem at the age of eight. By the time he turned 16, he had a large poetry collection and few plays to his name. He dropped out of a law school in London as literature excited him more.

Tagore brought about several social reforms, especially in the field of education. He started the Visva Bharati University in Shantiniketan, which emphasizes multidisciplinary learning. Music, painting and dramatic performances are an integral part of its curriculum.

Tagore’s ancestral home, Jorasanko in north Kolkata, is now a museum dedicated to his life and works. He was born and breathed his last here. You can learn more about Tagore and his life through family photographs, portraits on display here.

At 60, Tagore picked up the paint brush quite late in life. Even then he was able to produce masterpieces. His work shows a unique use of colour because he was partially colour blind. He could not distinguish between the shades of red and green.

Tagore renounced the knighthood conferred upon him by the British to protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. On April 13, 1919, the British Army opened fire upon unarmed civilians, who had gathered there in Amritsar to dissent against the government’s policies.

The “Jana Gana Mana” that we sing today is only one of the five stanzas of a hymn composed by Tagore. Another composition of his “Amar Shonar Bangla” was adopted as the national anthem of Bangladesh, while national anthem of Sri Lanka was inspired by his works.

Songs written by Tagore are fondly known as Rabindra Sangeet’. All of his songs are published in the book titled “Gitabitan.” Tagore also composed dance dramas or Nritya Natya. The Visva Bharati University offers a bachelor’s degree in Rabindra Sangeet.

The best way to know Rabindranath Tagore is take any of his poems and read it.

Here is one his poems - 
Go not to the temple to put flowers upon the feet of God,
First fill your own house with the Fragrance of love...
Go not to the temple to light candles before the altar of God,
First remove the darkness of sin from your heart...
Go not to the temple to bow down your head in prayer,
First learn to bow in humility before your fellowmen...
Go not to the temple to pray on bended knees,
First bend down to lift someone who is down-trodden...
Go not to the temple to ask for forgiveness for your sins,
First forgive from your heart those who have sinned against you.

More Teachings and Quotes of Rabindranath Tagore