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How to Observe Vat Savitri Vrat Fasting? - Vat Savitri Purnima Puja Procedure

Vat Savitri Vrat, or Vat Savithri Purnima, is a fast observed by married Hindu women in North India for the wellbeing of their husbands and children. The fasting is based on the devotion and determination shown by Savitri to win back her husband Satyavan from the clutches of yama (god of death). The legend is mentioned in the Mahabharata. The prayer and pujas associated with Vat Savitri is observed at the community level or individually at home.

Vat Savitri Sankalp Mantra

मम वैधव्यादिसकलदोषपरिहारार्थं ब्रह्मसावित्रीप्रीत्यर्थं  वट सावित्री व्रतमहं करिष्ये।

Vat Savtiri Vrat Mantra Dedicated Savitri

अवैधव्यं सौभाग्यं देहि त्वं मम सुव्रते।
पुत्रान् पौत्रांश्च सौख्यं गृहाणार्घ्यं नमोस्तु ते।।

Vat Savtiri Vrat Mantra Dedicated Vat Vriksha – Peepal Tree

वट सिञ्चामि ते मूलं सलिलैरमृतोपमैः।
यथा शाखा प्रशाखाभिर्वृद्धोsसि त्वं महीतले।।

Three Day Fasting But Now Confined to One Day

Vat Savitri Vrat Fasting is for three days and it begins on the trayodashi day and ends on Amavasi or Purnima. Some sections of Hindu society observe the vrat during Amavasi (new moon) and others during Purnima (full moon) in the Hindu month of Jyeshtha (June – July).

The fast is observed for three nights and is broken on the fourth day. The number of days the fast is observed depends on the person who is observing it. Nowadays, many women only observe the fasting on the important day of Purnima.

How to Observe Vat Savitri Vrat Fasting?

There are no rigid rules regarding any Hindu fast. Pregnant women, those women having any ailments or diseases and those who have just delivered a baby usually skip this fasting and they just concentrate on prayers. Working women also avoid the fasting.

On the Trayodashi day, after morning activities, women apply paste of amala (Indian gooseberry) and gingli (sesamum) and take bath. Those observing three-day fast take a single meal on the day.

After this women eat the roots of Vata Vriksha (Banyan Tree) and drink water. In fact, for three days many women only eat just this.

The same routine is repeated on the Chaturdashi day.

At home, a painting of banyan tree is made on a plate or wood using sandalwood paste or turmeric.

Pujas are done to the painting of banyan tree for three days.

Special dishes are also prepared during the occasion.

The routine is followed on the Trayodashi, Chatrudashi and Amavasi or Purnima.

The fast is broken on the fourth day after offering water to moon and prayers to Savitri.

The final day puja - the main day

It is a complete fast on this day which ends next day morning after sunrise.

Women worship the Banyan Tree (Vat Vriksha).

Women sit under a Banyan Tree, they then place seven different types of grain in a plate preferably made of bamboo.

A murti of Brahma Savitri and Vat Savitri is kept on a red color cloth. Those who do not have the murti keep two pieces of turmeric.

Then water, rice, diya, fragrance and flowers are offered as part of the puja.

After praying to the Banyan Tree, a red or yellow colored thread is tied around the tree.

Women then go round the tree and chant prayers give above.

The devotee has to go seven times around the tree. In some regions, devotees also pour milk seven times around the tree.

Vat Vraksha or Banyan tree symbolically represents the Trimurtis – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The root is Brahma, the stem is Vishnu and the upper portion is Shiva. The whole tree is also symbolically taken as Savitri.

Apart from this all fasting women take the blessings of elders and other married women. Special dishes are prepared on the day and distributed among friends and relatives after the pujas.

Many people also distribute food, clothes and money to the poor during Vat Savitri.

Finally, never torture one’s body in the name of customs and traditions. Fasting is good for health and it also helps in spiritual quest. But one should not attempt it, if one is not capable of doing it. Prayers, kindness to all living beings and simplicity are also Vratas and one can observe it on all days.

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