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What does Hindu Goddess Durga mean?

Goddess Durga is one of the most important deities in the Hindu pantheon. But what is the meaning of Durga? The word Durga literally means ‘difficult to access,’ ‘impossible to overcome’ or ‘hard to reach.’

According to Devi Rahasya Tantra, the goddess got the name after killing a demon named Durgama or Durga.
तत्रैव च व्धिश्यामी दुर्गामख्यम महासुरम |
दुर्गादेवी ती विख्यातम तन्मे नाम भविष्यति ||

She is ‘difficult to access’ because she resides atop the Vindhya Mountain, which was very difficult to reach. Therefore, she is also known as Vindhyavasini.