Akshata basically consists of uncooked rice which is mixed with turmeric. It is used both as an offering to deity and also is used as a way to receive blessings. It is also used to bless bride and groom during weddings. Akshata is also sprinkled during other auspicious ceremonies. Symbolically, Akshata represents prosperity, fertility and bounty.
When Akshata is offered to a deity, it is believed to be the finest offering that a devotee can make. Akshata is believed to be equal to offering clothes, jewelry, food, or any other offering.
Akshata is usually thrown over the head of the devotees during pujas and during functions like marriage and other auspicious events.
Akshata is always used dry - a small amount of rice is mixed with turmeric powder.
After the puja and ceremony, Akshata is cleaned from the floor and is deposited in the garden or in a place where people will not step on it.