Raja Sankranti is a three-day festival dedicated to girls and women in Orissa. Raja Sankranti 2017 date is June 15. It is a three-day festival and the first day is known as Pahili Sankranti (June 14, 2017). The festival also welcomes the impending monsoon season and people do not indulge in farming. Mother earth is given three days rest. The third day of the festival is known as Basi Raja (June 16, 2017).
A major highlight of the festival is the special swings prepared for women and girls on huge banyan trees in villages.
There is a popular belief that the three-day period of Raja Sankranti is meant for unmarried girls who will be getting married in the coming year. Women are seen in colorful dresses and well-groomed on all the three days.
The festival is associated with fertility cult. Women observe for three days all the rules that they observe during the menstruation period. Young women are equated with Mother Earth during Raja Sankranti.