Meteorology was a highly developed science in ancient India. Hindus were particularly concerned about the pattern of rainfall and as it was vital to the agrarian economy. Meghamala is an ancient Hindu text that dealt exclusively on meteorology. The book is in the form of a dialogue between Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune, possesses four manuscripts of Meghamala - Raudri Meghamala, as section in Gargi Samhita, Maheshwari Meghamala, Bhairavokta Meghamala.
The topics dealt in the books include classification of clouds, predicting future rainfall, types of clouds, measurement of rains and other related matters.
No critical edition of the text is available.