Yellu Amavasi is observed on the no moon day in the Margashirsh month (November – December) in Karnataka and parts of Andhra Pradesh. Yellu Amavasi 2016 date is December 29. Yellu means Sesame or Til and Amavasya is the no moon day. The festival is observed by farmers and is form a thanksgiving to mother Earth for a good harvest.
An important ceremony on Yellu Amavas day is the spraying of sesame and jaggery in agricultural lands. There is a belief that the sesame and jaggery are food for the worms in the farmland.
Some people also observe pujas dedicated to Lord Shani – especially those who have trouble with Shani Graha or Saturn in their horoscope.
Farmers cook different types of vegetarian dishes on the day and the food is eaten on the farmlands along with family members and laborers.