Sant Dnyaneshwar Punyatithi is the death anniversary of Sant Dnyaneshwar, or Jnaneshwar, who revolutionized the bhakti cult in
Maharashtra. In 2013, the date of Sant Dnyaneshwar Punyatithi is December 1. At the age of sixteen Sant Janeshwar wrote Jnaneswari – the first and the most popular Marathi commentary on the Bhagavad Gita. Jnaneswari continues to be read and discussed in Maharashtrian homes and its translation into various languages continues to inspire millions of people around the world.
During the time of Sant Dnyaneshwar, the unparalleled teachings of Sanatana Dharma were considered to be the prerogative of certain castes and sects. Dnyaneshwar unleashed a silent revolution against the religious monopoly and orthodoxy of the narrow-minded priestly class. Sant Jnaneswar was amongst the first to use the local language of Marathi to spread and demystify the message of the Hindu scriptures like Bhagavad Gita. He popularized the teachings of Sanatana Dharma and took it to the common man.
Jnaneswari, or Dhnyashwari, the most widely read Marathi Bhagavad Gita adaptation, was primarily intended for common people who were not able to understand and read the original Sanskrit version. The original Bhagavad Gita contains 700 verses but Sant Jnaneshwar’s Jnaneswari contains 9000 verses. He goes deep into the philosophy and teaching of Gita and uses similes and examples from daily life to make the common man understand the message of Gita.
At the age of twenty-two, Sant Dnyaneshwar went into a state of deep meditation known as Jivan Samadhi. The day is of great significance at Alandi in
Maharashtra, which is his resting place.