Kirtimukha in Hinduism

Kirtimukha is a monstrous lion-face motif. In Hinduism, it glorifies the prowess of Rudra Shiva, Sodra and Agni. In Hindu temple architecture, Kirtimukha was adopted as a decorative motif or pattern and to beautify the cornice moldings, doorways or other portions of the facade of the chaitya hall.

The earliest reference to Kirtimukha in Hindu religion is found in the Puranas. It is mentioned in Padma Purana.

It is believed that Kirtimukha appeared from the body of Shiva. It is used to express valor and anger of the Rudra form of Shiva.

The Kirtimukha motifs are also found in Indonesia.