The Mamallapuram Temples, earlier known as Mahabalipuram, located along the
Addressing a joint expert workshop on conservation organized by the Archaeological Survey of India and the Janssen Phasrmaceutica,
here, Director of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu, R Annamalai, said the issue of climate change poses a real threat to the conservation of the timeless monuments. The sea level has constantly risen in Mamallapuram too like elsewhere. Belgium
“If the trend continued, the monuments which are rich reminders of our hoary cultural heritage may go under the sea by the end of this century,” he said, adding that a monitoring committee on a permanent basis could help keep a watch on the sea level. Perhaps, creating an enclave or an island for the monuments may also help in conservation.
The most famous is the Ratha Temples in the form of processional chariots. These are monolithic constructions cut into the residual blocks of diorite which emerge from the sand. It is believed to have built between AD 630 and 668 during the reign of Naharasmihavarman Mamalla.
Next set of important sculptures are rock relief in open air which illustrates popular episodes in the life of Lord Shiva.
The mandapa, which are rock sanctuaries modeled as room and covered with bas-relief – Each mandapa consists of sculptures depicting important aspects in the life of Varaha (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu), five Pandavas,
Descent of the
Recent archeological studies have revealed that several temples and monuments in the region had gone under sea several centuries ago. If proper conservation measures are note taken, history might repeat.