At the individual level, the problem of the outward gaze keeps us preoccupied with the problems of others, other beings or things. We are always concerned with this person or that thing and set out to correct them, all the time unaware of the manifold problems we are suffering from, both physical and mental.
These are the symptoms of the deeper problem of not understanding our true nature, which is spiritual. If we desire material or spiritual success, if we desire peace, we need to turn our gaze inwards. This inward gaze alone can protect us from suffering and trouble. Just like machines that come with a self-repairing mechanism, we need to develop a self-analysing and self-correcting mechanism.
If we need peace, we need to take a moment and analyse this life of ours, its pace and its destination. Where are we headed to? What pace are we travelling in? Such questions need to be asked constantly and at every moment of our lives. The inward gaze has to be so penetrating that we should be able to see through the facade of body and mind, into our very soul, the indwelling Atman.
We need to be constantly on the alert and check on ourselves for problems, passions, troubles, and wrong perceptions. We would then also be able to better control our sense organs.
Source - Prabuddha Bharata Magazine Editorial June 2015