Swamyambhu Shivling (self appearing) at
is one of the
Jyotirlingas. Ujjain Mahakaleshwar
Temple Ujjain Mahakal Temple
is located at Ujjain
in Madhya Pradesh and it was first constructed before 6th century BC. The
structure underwent numerous changes during various periods. The temple was
also attacked by invaders. The present temple was rebuilt during the 18th
Legend has it that the demon Tripurasura was defeated by Shiva at
The most popular belief is that one who has darshan of Mahakal will not have rebirth.
The present temple is three-storied. Mahakaleshwar is worshipped in the lowest part. The middle part is dedicated to Omkareshwara and the topmost portion is dedicated to Nagachandreshwara. The sanctum sanctorum of the Nagachanreshwara is opened only on the Nag Panchami day.
South facing, Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Shivling is huge and is installed in silver coated yonipitha. The Shivling is very important to tantrics. Small murtis of Ganesh, Kartik and Goddess Parvti are installed in the main sanctum sanctorum. Nandi is located in the exit path.
Mahasivaratri, Pancha-Krosi Yatra, Somavati Amavasya (no moon day in Monday), Shravan month (July – August) are the important annual dates in the temple.
The early morning Bhasma Aarti of the Shivling is an important ritual in the temple. Witnessing it is considered highly auspicious.
There are numerous small shrines dedicated to various gods in the Hindu pantheon in the temple.
The shrine is the epicenter of the Simhastha Kumbha Mela.